Wednesday, 11 April 2012

What to do after civil engineering.......


M.Tech in Civil Engineering

Introduction
M.Tech in Civil Engineering is a master’s degree course awarded in India. M.Tech in civil engineering includes detailed and specialized study of various modes of construction and planning. The study is emphasized on the construction of buildings and ways of planning the construction. People in this field play a key role in the construction and development of the society.  With the fast and rapid growth in the real estate sector, the study of civil engineering is very much important and useful. Thus it is of great importance to the development that is taking place so rapidly all over the globe.
Course Outlook
M.Tech in Civil Engineering is a two year course. These two years are further divided into two semesters each. At the end of every semester an exam is conducted to know the students strength and weakness.
Eligibility Criteria
Students aiming for a course in M.Tech in civil engineering must have earned their bachelors degree by studying B.Tech in civil engineering from any of the institutions under any of the universities.
Job Prospects
With the ongoing development in the real estate sector, Civil Engineers are in great demand. They are constantly absorbed in construction works for the private and public sector and it seems like the opportunities are going to grow.

 

 

 

 

How to select stream in M.Tech after B.Tech in Civil Engineering?

Candidates who want to pursue higher studies after completing B.Tech in Civil Engineering can choose M.Tech course in Civil Engineering. Several institutes are offering this course in different streams. Specified number of seats will be there for each stream in those institutes. Those who want to get admission to any of these courses should qualify the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).
Different streams available in M.Tech after B.Tech in Civil Engineering:
Candidates who want to pursue M.Tech in Civil Engineering can find different streams which focus on the advanced technologies available in the field of Civil Engineering. Each of these courses will enable the candidates to widen their knowledge and skills in a particular field. Different streams available in this branch are given below.
  • M.Tech in Building Technology and Construction Management
  • M.Tech in Environmental Engineering
  • M.Tech in Geotechnical Engineering
  • M.Tech in Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering
  • M.Tech in Structural Engineering
  • M.Tech in Transportation Engineering
  • M.Tech in Geotechnical and Geo environmental Engineering
  • M.Tech in Rock Engineering and Underground Structure
  • M.Tech in Water Resources Engineering
  • M.Tech in Construction Engineering and Management
  • M.Tech in Construction Technology and Management
  • M.Tech in Environmental Engineering and Management
  • M.Tech in Environmental Engineering
  • M.Tech in Remote Sensing
  • M.Tech in Remote Sensing and GIS
  • M.Tech in Computer Aided Structural Analysis and Design
  • M.Tech in Offshore Structures
  • M.Tech in Geo-Informatics and Survey Technology

How to select the best stream in M.Tech?
Candidates who are interested to pursue M.Tech course after completing B.Tech in Civil Engineering can select any stream in Civil Engineering according to their interest. They should first of all search for which all streams are available for pursuing their M.Tech. They should find which stream has got more scope as compared to other ones. Scope of the streams will vary according to the conditions prevailing in the economy. Candidates should ensure that the demand of selected stream will sustain after completing their two year course. Most important thing they have to consider while selecting the stream is the knowledge in the concerned area. There may be some areas in which they have thorough knowledge after completing B.Tech in Civil Engineering. Candidates should select that stream which covers these areas in Civil Engineering. If the candidates are interested to pursue research in the respective field after completing their M.Tech, then they should select that stream which has got great scope in the research field. They should select difficult stream only if they possess immense self confidence and determination. They should score good marks in GATE to get admission to the desired stream.








Details on some important streams available in M.Tech:

(I) Building Technology And Construction Management 
This unique specialization offers courses covering a range of subjects in Building Science, Construction Materials and Construction Engineering and Management areas, which includes:
Building Science:
 Functional design of buildings, Building acoustics and noise control, Building services, and Energy management in buildings.

Construction Materials:
 Modern construction materials, Advanced concrete technology, Maintenance and rehabilitation of constructed facilities, and Structural systems and design.

Construction Engineering and Management:
Construction methods and equipment, Construction planning and control, Construction project management, Construction economics and finance, Quality and safety management, Construction personnel management, Construction contracts and specifications, and Computer applications in construction.

As a construction engineer, you are the builder of our future. The construction phase of a project represents the first tangible result of design. Using your technical and management skills will allow you to turn designs into reality – on time and within budget. You will apply your knowledge of construction methods and equipment, along with the principles of financing, planning, and managing, to turn the designs of other engineers into successful projects.





(II) Environmental Engineering
This interdisciplinary stream is designed to meet the needs of both government departments/public sector and industry, with emphasis on various aspects like protected water supply and sanitation for public health, pollution control and sustainable development. The topics to be covered include protected water supply, waste water management, air pollution control, solid waste management, ground water pollution-fate, transport and remediation, environmental planning and impact assessment, modelling of air and water quality, environmental chemistry, environmental microbiology biotechnology and environmental systems analysis.
The skills of environmental engineers are becoming increasingly important as we attempt to protect the fragile resources of our planet. Environmental engineers translate physical, chemical, and biological processes into systems to destroy toxic substances, remove pollutants from water, reduce non-hazardous solid waste volumes, eliminate contaminates from the air, and develop groundwater supplies. In this field, you may be called upon to resolve issues of providing safe drinking water, cleaning up sites contaminated with hazardous materials, disposing of wastewater, and managing solid wastes.


(III) Geotechnical Engineering 
This stream provides specialized knowledge in various geotechnical engineering topics such as foundation engineering, ground improvement techniques, design of retaining walls, underground excavations, etc. A wide range of subjects such as advanced soil mechanics, rock mechanics, soil exploration and testing, applied soil mechanics, advanced foundation engineering, soil dynamics and machine foundations, earthquake geotechnical engineering, geoenvironmental engineering, geosynthetics and reinforced soil structures, ground improvement, finite element analysis and constitutive modelling of soils, geotechnics for infrastructures, and seismic site characterization are included in the curriculum
Geotechnical engineering is required in all aspects of civil engineering, because most projects are supported by the ground. As a geotechnical engineer, you might develop projects below ground, such as tunnels, foundations, and offshore platforms. You will analyze the properties of soil and rock that support and affect the behavior of these structures. You may evaluate the potential settlements of buildings, the stability of slopes and fills, the seepage of ground water and the effects of earthquakes. You will investigate the rocks and soils at a project site and determine the best way to support a structure in the ground. You may also take part in the design and construction of dams, embankments, and retaining walls.


(IV) Hydraulic And Water Resources Engineering 
This stream provides a strong conceptual background in areas such as irrigation, hydrology, hydropower, water supply, flood control, through a wide range of courses including applied fluid mechanics, free surface flows, surface water, hydrology, water resources planning and management, hydraulic modeling, irrigation technology, ground water engineering, contaminant transport, finite element methods in water resources, unsteady open channel flows, stochastic methods in water resources technology, economics of water resources planning, hydraulic transients, environmental hydraulics, simulation of water resources system, urban hydrology and storm drainage design and management, coastal zone management, expert system and evolutionary algorithm applications to water resources problems, water quality modeling, computing techniques, computer aided analysis and design.
Water is essential to our lives, and as a water resources engineer, you will deal with issues concerning the quality and quantity of water. You will work to prevent floods, to supply water for cities, industry, and irrigation, to treat wastewater, to protect beaches, or to manage and redirect rivers. You might be involved in the design, construction, or maintenance of hydroelectric power facilities, canals, dams, pipelines,
pumping stations, locks, or seaport facilities.

(V) Structural Engineering 
This stream deals with the following major areas: advanced structural mechanics, finite element analysis, structural dynamics, structural stability, structural reliability, structural optimization, reinforced and pre-stressed concrete, steel structures, design for wind and earthquake, plates and shells, bridges, tall buildings, towers, computer applications in structural engineering, fracture mechanics, power plant structures, composite structures.
As a structural engineer, you will face the challenge of designing structures that support their own weight and the loads they carry, and that resist wind, temperature, earthquake, and many other forces. Bridges, buildings, offshore structures, space platforms, amusement park rides, and many other kinds of projects are included within this exciting discipline. You will develop the appropriate combination of steel, concrete, timber, plastic, and new exotic materials. You will do the planning and design, as well as visit the project site to make sure the work is done properly.

(VI) Transportation Engineering
This stream covers a wide range of topics which includes urban transportation systems planning, transportation economics, traffic engineering and management, traffic flow theory, computer aided modeling of traffic and transportation systems, Intelligent transportation systems, travel demand modeling, transportation system analysis focusing on energy and environment, network optimisation, urban public transportation, geometric design of highways, pavement material characterization; flexible and rigid pavement analysis and design; constitutive modeling of bitumen, modified bitumen and bituminous mixtures; stress analysis of layered structures; aging of binders, pavement design, pavement management, pavement evaluation, rural roads construction, use of alternate materials for flexible pavement construction, transportation terminals, railway engineering and waterway transportation.
Because the quality of a community I directly related to the quality of its transportation system, your function as a transportation engineer will be to move people, good, and materials safely and efficiently. Your challenge will be to find ways to meet our ever-increasing travel needs on land, air, and sea. You will design, construct, and maintain all types of transportation facilities, including highways, railroads, airfields, and ports. An important part of transportation engineering is to upgrade our transportation capability by improving traffic control and mass transit systems, and by introducing high-speed trains, people movers, and other new transportation methods.

List of M.Tech Entrance Exams :
  • All India Engineering Entrance Exams
  • Avinashilingam Deemed University for Women, Coimbatore Engineering Entrance Examination
  • BEEE - Bharath University Engineering Entrance Exam
  • Birla Institute of Science & Technology - BITSAT Entrance exam
  • BIT, Mesra, Ranchi
  • BITSAT Entrance exam (BITSAT)
  • BSAUEEE - B.S. Abdur Rahman University Engineering Entrance Examination
  • Calicut University M.Tech entrance exam
  • DA IICT Entrance exam
  • Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology Murthal M.Tech Entrance exam
  • Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology Entrance exam
  • GAT  - Gitam University Online Entrance Test
  • GATE - Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering GATE
  • GGSIPU Engineering CET Entrance exam
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Allahabad - M.Tech Entrance exam
  • Indian School Of Mines, Dhanbad
  • Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University
  • Institute Of technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad
  • International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) Bhubaneswar M.Tech Entrance exam
  • Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Exam
  • KARNATAKA CET
  • Kerala University M.Tech Entrance Exam
  • LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur - M.Tech Entrance exam
  • Manipal Institute of Technology, Karnataka
  • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad
  • National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research, Chandigarh - Master of Engineering Entrance exam
  • North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST) entrance examination
  • Post Graduate Common Entrance Test (PGCET) Karnataka
  • Post-Graduate Engineering Common Entrance Test (PGECET)
  • PTU CET
  • Regional Institute of Science & Technology (RIST) Meghalaya - M.Tech Entrance exam
  • SRMEEE 2011 SRM Engineering Entrance Examination
  • TANCET (Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test)
  • University of Petroleum and Energy studies, Dehradun UPES-SEAT Engineering Entrance Test
  • VITEEE Engineering Entrance Exam
  • VTUEEE- VEL Te



















Detailed information on some important M.Tech entrance exams:


GATE

Introduction: 

What is GATE ?
The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all-India examination administered and conducted in eight zones across the country by the GATE Committee comprising faculty from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology on behalf of the National Coordinating Board - GATE, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India.
Candidates in the second or higher year of the Four-year Integrated Master's degree programme (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/Technology or in the third or higher year of Five-year Integrated Master's degree programme and Dual Degree programme in Engineering/Technology.
 Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognised by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.status.

Many students may not be aware that there are several institutions in this country, offering specialized postgraduate programmes in various disciplines. Attractive scholarship / Assistantship for postgraduate courses in engineering / Technology / Architecture /Pharmacy at Engineering colleges / institutes in the country ,are available to those who qualify through GATE.

Objective
To identify meritorious and motivated candidates for admission to Post Graduate Programmes in Engineering, Technology, Architecture and Pharmacy at the National level. To serve as benchmark for normalisation of the Undergraduate Engineering Education in the country.

Why should we take GATE:
M.Tech degree leads to specialization and furthering of interest in a certain area which may lead to Ph.D 
M.Tech degree is best for those wishing to apply for Faculty/Research positions in educational Institutes/R&D centers.

Important Dates:
Availability of GATE forms: October, 1st week 
Last Date for filling up forms: November, 1st week 
Exam Date: 2nd Sunday of February 
Results: March 15st

Examination Details:
The examination is a single paper of 3 hours duration and generally consists of Section A (Objective Type) which is of 75 marks and Section B (Problem Type) which is of 75 marks. Total: 150 marks. 
You have to opt for your subject and study as per the syllabus mentioned in the GATE brochure. 
The subjects of our interest are Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering., Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation Engineering. Other subjects are also available such as Mathematics, Physics, etc. 
Results of qualified candidates in GATE will give All India Rank and indicate percentile score. For example, a percentile score of 99 means you are in the top 1% category of the candidates who appeared for GATE. 
Candidates who get less than 70 percentile get no score card. 
GATE scores are valid for 2 years. You may reappear the GATE exam if you are not satisfied with the earlier score and the new score (if better than the old one) will be used for admission purposes.


What to do after Examination:
After publication of GATE results, students must apply to individual Institutes to get their application forms. 
Institutes advertise M.Tech admissions in leading newspapers from 1st April till end July. However some Institutes do not advertise and therefore students have to get the forms themselves. 
In the application forms, you have to mention your GATE score alongwith other details. 
The concerned Institute may conduct written test and/or interview for the purpose of admission. 
General thumb rules: If your GATE score in Computer Science is 96 percentile or more then you can try for IITs, if between 85 - 96 percentile, then apply for top RECs, JADAVPUR, SHIBPUR, ROORKEE, etc. If less than 85, you have to look for appropriate institutes.

Scholarship:
During the pursuit of M.Tech, you are paid a scholarship of Rs. 5000.00 per month by the Government of India. This amount is enough for living expenses including purchase of books, etc. The scholarship is paid for the entire 18 months M.Tech period.

Multiple choice questions in all papers and sections will contain four answers, of which only one is correct. The types of questions in a paper may be based on following logic:

(i) Recall:

These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.

Example
Q. During machining maximum heat is produced
(A) in flank face
(B) in rake face
(C) in shear zone
D) due to friction between chip and tool.
(ii) Comprehension:

These questions will test the candidate's understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.


Example
 Q. A DC motor requires a starter in order (A) to develop a starting torque
(B) to compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns
(C) to limit armature current at starting
(D) to provide regenerative braking

(iii) Application:

In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.

Example
Q. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is:
(A) 10.0
(B) 5.0
(C) 12.0
(D) 8.0
(iv) Analysis and Synthesis:

These can be linked questions, where the answer to the first question of the pair is required in order to answer its successor. Or these can be common data questions, in which two questions share the same data but can be solved independently of one another.
Common data questions:
Multiple questions may be linked to a common data problem, passage and the like. Two or three questions can be formed from the given common data problem. Each question is independent and its solution obtainable from the above problem data/passage directly. (Answer of the previous question is not required to solve the next question). Each question under this group will carry two marks.

Example
Common Data, for instance, Questions 55 and 56 in main paper:
 
Let X and Y be jointly distributed random variables such that the conditional distribution of Y, given X=x, is uniform on the interval (x-1,x+1). Suppose E(X)=1 and Var(X)=5/3.
 

First question using common data:
Q.55 The mean of the random variable Y is
(A) 1/2
(B) 1
(C) 3/2
(D) 2b


Second question using common data:
Q.56 The variance of the random variable Y is
(A) 1/2
(B) 2/3
(C) 1
(D) 2/

Linked answer questions:
These questions are of problem solving type. A problem statement is followed by two questions based on the problem statement. The two questions are designed such that the solution to the second question depends upon the answer to the first one. In other words, the first answer is an intermediate step in working out the second answer. Each question in such linked answer questions will carry two marks.

Example
Statement for Linked Answer Questions, for instance, for Questions 59 and 60 in Main Paper:
Consider a machine with a byte addressable main memory of 216 bytes. Assume that a direct mapped data cache consisting of 32 lines of 64 bytes each is used in the system. A 50x50 two dimensional array of bytes is stored in the main memory starting from memory location 1100H. Assume that the data cache is initially empty. The complete array is accessed twice. Assume that the contents of the data cache do not change in between the two accesses.

First question of the pair:

Q.59 How many data cache misses will occur in total?
(A) 48
B) 50
(C) 56
(D) 59


Second question of the pair

Q.60 Which of the following lines of the data cache will be replaced by new blocks in accessing the array for the second time?
(A) line 4 to line 11
(B) line 4 to line 12
(C) line 0 to line 7
(D) line 0 to line 8

The questions based on the above four logics may be a mix of single stand alone statement / phrase / data type questions, combination of option codes type questions or match items types questions.

GATE Score
          The GATE Score of a candidate is in the range 0 to 1000. It reflects the performance of a candidate, irrespective of the GATE paper or year in which he/she has qualified. Candidates with same GATE Score from different GATE papers and/or years can be considered to have the same performance level.
The marks obtained by the candidate are normalized on the basis of the average and standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared in the paper mentioned on the scorecard in GATE. Subsequently, this is scaled with respect to the global average and global standard deviation so as to facilitate performance comparison across GATE papers and over a block of years since GATE 2004.
GATE SCORE :Formula For GATE Score is as given
 1000/150[ag+sg(m-a/s)]
Where
m = marks obtained by the candidate.
a = average of marks of all candidates who appeared in the paper mentioned on this scorecard in GATE for that year
s = standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared in the paper mentioned on this scorecard in GATE for that year
ag = global average of marks of all candidates who appeared across all papers and years (2005-2008)
sg = global standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared across all papers and years (2005-2008)



GATE Percentile Score
The percentile score of a candidate indicates the percentage of candidates who appeared in the same paper and scored less marks than him/her. It is calculated as follows: If N is the total number of candidates appearing in a paper, then the percentile score P is given as,
P = (number of candidates who have scored less marks than the candidate / N) x 100

The Maximum Score can be 1000.
GATE Score Range
Ability Level
800 to 1000
  Outstanding
675 to 800
  Excellent
550 to 675
  Very good
425 to 550
  Good
300 to 425
  Above average
100 to 300
  Average
Below 100
  Below average

The evaluation of the ORS is carried out by a computerized process using scanning machines, with utmost care. Requests for revaluation of the answer script and re-totaling of marks will not be entertained.
The GATE result and particulars of the qualified candidates will be made available to interested organizations (educational institutions, R & D laboratories, industries, etc.) in India and abroad based on written request by the organization and on payment. Details can be obtained from GATE Chairmen of IITs/IISc.




OSTGRADUATE ADMISSIONS WITH MHRD SCHOLARSHIP

A candidate is eligible for Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Scholarship/ Assistantship in Engineering/Technology/Architecture/Pharmacy/Sciences at engineering colleges/institutes in the country if he/she qualifies in GATE. To avail the scholarship, additionally, the candidate must secure admission to such a postgraduate program, as per the prevailing procedure of the admitting institution. GATE qualification by itself does not guarantee admission. GATE qualified candidates in Engineering disciplines are also eligible for the award of the Junior Research Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories. Some government organizations prescribe GATE qualification as a requirement for applying to the post of a Scientist/Engineer.

As per the directives of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Govt. of India, the following procedure is to be adopted for admission to postgraduate programs (Master's and Doctoral) with MHRD Scholarship/Assistantship. The GATE performance of the candidate will be considered for admission. If the candidate is to be selected through interview for postgraduate programs, minimum 70% weightage is to be given to the GATE performance. The remaining weightage (30% maximum) can be given to the marks obtained by the candidate in his/her qualifying examination or interview. Candidates opting for a general paper (XE or XL) should be further examined (by interview/written test) by the admitting institution. In such cases also the weightage for GATE score should not be less than 70%. The admitting institution will prescribe minimum passing percentage of marks in the interview. Some Colleges/Institutes specify GATE as mandatory qualification even for admission without MHRD Scholarship/Assistantship.

Candidates are advised to seek details about admission procedures and availability of MHRD Scholarship/Assistantship from the department of their interest or postgraduate office of the concerned institution. GATE offices will not entertain any enquiry about admission and award of Scholarship/Assistantship.

While qualifying in GATE is essential for all candidates seeking admission to postgraduate programs with MHRD Scholarship/Assistantship, the management of the postgraduate Scholarship/Assistantship is the responsibility of the admitting institution. The GATE Committee has no role in the award or disbursement of Scholarship/Assistantship. Similarly, reservation of seats under different categories is as per the policies and norms prevailing at the admitting institution and the Government of India rules.

According to MHRD rules, the award of postgraduate Scholarship/Assistantship to GATE qualified candidates is for a maximum period of 24 months for Master's degree programs in Engineering/Technology/Architecture/Pharmacy/Science.

Additional Scorecards (up to a maximum of two) will be issued only once on request and on payment of Rs 300 per card. Such requests should reach the Organizing Chairman. These cards will be labeled as Additional Scorecard -1 and Additional Scorecard - 2 at the top. However, if the candidate changes his/her admitting institution by using the additional scorecard(s), he/she is required to clarify the matters related to his/her admission and Scholarship/Assistantship with the new institution where subsequent admission change is sought.

The GATE Score of a candidate is in the range 0 to 1000. It reflects the performance of a candidate, irrespective of the GATE paper or year in which he/she has qualified. Candidates with same GATE Score from different GATE papers and/or years can be considered to have the same performance level.

At present, students in the Integrated Master's Degree and Dual Degree programs in Engineering/ Technology are eligible to appear in GATE 2007 in order to qualify for the postgraduate scholarship in their own institutions only. They are not eligible for admission to a fresh M.E/M.Tech. program.







GATE Civil Engineering Exam Syllabus
The syllabus of GATE Civil Engineering Exam is as follows:
Engineering Mathematics
Linear Algebra:
Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.
Calculus:
Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.
Differential equations:
First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.
Complex variables:
Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series.
Probability and Statistics:
Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.
Numerical Methods:
Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.
Structural Engineering
Mechanics:
Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr's circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
Structural Analysis:
Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.
Concrete Structures:
Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.
Steel Structures:
Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam'column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.
Geotechnical Engineering
Soil Mechanics:
Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability & seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.
Foundation Engineering:
Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands & clays. Deep foundations pile types, dynamic & static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands & clays, negative skin friction.
Water Resources Engineering
Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics:
Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli's equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.
Hydrology:
Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.
Irrigation:
Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration. Crop water requirements. Design of: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types ofirrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils.


Environmental Engineering
Water requirements:
Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.
Air Pollution:
Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.
Municipal Solid Wastes:
Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).
Noise Pollution:
Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.
Transportation Engineering
Highway Planning:
Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements.
Traffic Engineering:
Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.
Surveying:
Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.



















 Details about PGCET exam:

Karnataka PGCET ME/ M.Tech Admissions test is held every year in the month of July & the application form is made available in the month of June.

How to Apply :
The application is made available ONLY on websites www.vtu.ac.in & http://pgcet.vtu.ac.in along with all related information.

Candidates have to apply as below:

download the Application Form and Admission Ticket
completely fill in the same
send the above with all required documents (all attested photocopies of documents and not to send original documents)

A D.D. of Rs. 600/- (Rs. 300/- in case of Karnataka SC/ST & Cat- 1 on production of documentary proof) drawn in favour of Member Secretary CPAC, payable at Belgaum should be sent along with the Application Form, Admission Ticket and all necessary enclosures.

ADMISSION PROCEDURE:

1) Written test will be conducted for PG Department of Kuvempu University and University of Mysore M.E./ M.Tech. courses, at various centers specified in the brochure.

2) GATE candidates with valid GATE score are given preference for admission.
They have to apply by downloading the application form along with prescribed fee; however they are exempted from appearing for the written test.

For Eligibility Criteria, list of M.E./M.Tech./M.Arch. Courses and Colleges offering the
M.E./M.Tech. Courses, Log on to www.vtu.ac.in. or http://pgcet.vtu.ac.in.

These websites also have the Admission Brochure containing all the details

IMPORTANT DATES:
1) The downloadable Application Form is made available in June.
2) Last date to receive completed Application Form at PGCET Cell, Belgaum.






Syllabus:…………..?








 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Best colleges for doing M.Tech in Civil Engineering:

Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Civil Engineering is a post graduate programme which deals with the design and supervision of construction of various structures. This master’s course enables the aspirants to open up numerous job opportunities in different fields. There are a lot of colleges in India which offers this PG course. Among them, the prominent ones in different parts of the country are listed below.
Best colleges for doing M.Tech in Civil Engineering in northern part of India
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Delhi), Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur), Uttar Pradesh
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Roorkee), Uttarakhand
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT-Srinagar), Jammu and Kashmir
  • Al-Falah School of Engineering and Technology, Haryana
  • Babu Banarasi Das University, Uttar Pradesh
  • Birsa Institute of Technology, Jharkhand
  • D.A.V Institute of Engineering and Technology, Punjab
  • Banaras Hindu University, Uttar Pradesh
  • Indo Global College of Engineering, Punjab
  • Lingaya’s University, Haryana
  • Madan Mohan Malaviya Engineering College, Uttar Pradesh
  • Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Haryana
  • Manav Bharati University, Himachal Pradesh
  • Ramgarhia College of Engineering and Technology, Punjab
Best colleges for doing M.Tech in Civil Engineering in eastern part of India
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati), Assam
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT-Agartala), Tripura
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT-Patna), Bihar
  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Orissa
  • KIIT School of Civil Engineering, Orissa
  • Shillong Engineering College, Meghalaya
  • Tripura Engineering College, Tripura
Best colleges for doing M.Tech in Civil Engineering in southern part of India
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Andhra Pradesh
  • College of Engineering (CET) – Trivandrum, Kerala
  • Pondicherry Engineering College, Puducherry
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT-Calicut), Kerala
  • Medak College of Engineering and Technology, Andhra Pradesh
  • K.S.R.M College of Engineering, Andhra Pradesh
  • National Institute of Technology, Warangal (NIT-W), Andhra Pradesh
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Madras), Tamil Nadu
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT-Surathkal), Karnataka
Best colleges for doing M.Tech in Civil Engineering in western part of India
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bombay), Maharashtra
  • Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), Maharashtra
  • College of Engineering, Pune (COEP), Maharashtra
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering, Maharashtra
  • Government Engineering College – Surat, Gujarat
  • Ahmedabad Institute of Technology, Gujarat
  • Jodhpur National University, Rajasthan
  • Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Maharashtra
  • Venus College of Engineering, Rajasthan
Best colleges for doing M.Tech in Civil Engineering in central part of India
  • Madhav Institute of Technology and Science, Madhya Pradesh
  • MACT, Bhopal
  • SNGISTS, Indore
Best colleges for doing M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Among the numerous colleges offering Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Civil Engineering, some of the top ones are the IITs, NITs, Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Ahmedabad Institute of Technology, Government Engineering College - Surat, College of Engineering – Pune, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, College of Engineering (CET) – Trivandrum, Tripura Engineering College, Shillong Engineering College, KIIT School of Civil Engineering, and Birsa Institute of Technology.



















 

 

 

 

 

Career after M.Tech in Civil Engineering

Master of Technology in civil engineering (M.Tech in Civil Engineering) is a post graduate degree in engineering. Candidates who have completed their bachelor’s degree in civil engineering are eligible for this course. The duration of the course is two years. After completing this course candidates can find numerous jobs in many public and private sector organizations. They can even find promising jobs abroad also.
Job profiles after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Various job profiles available for candidates who have completed their post graduation in civil engineering are listed below.
  • Civil Engineer
  • Construction Plant Engineer
  • Construction Project Engineers
  • Junior Civil Engineer/Technician
  • Planning Engineer
  • Project Coordinator / Project Engineer
  • Senior Engineer
  • Site Engineer
  • Teacher
Career in Public Sector after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Candidates after completing their post graduation in civil engineering can find promising jobs in public sector. As an introductory stage for this, candidates are required to pass certain exams that are conducted by the government. Entrance examinations conducted by the government include Public Service Commission & the UPSC exams. Many public sector organizations recruit post graduates in civil engineering. The leading organizations recruiting post graduates in civil engineering are listed below
  • Bharat Earth Movers Limited
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
  • MMTC Limited
  • National Fertilizers Limited
  • Bharath Electronics Limited
  • Cement Corporation of India
  • Hindustan Paper Corporation Limited
  • Hindustan Zinc Limited
  • National Small Industries Corporation Limited
Apart from these organizations, civil engineers can also start their career as a lecturer in any of the reputed government engineering colleges offering this course.
Government Sector Jobs after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Candidates who wish to work with the public sector will have to appear for exams that are carried out by the Public Service Commission & the UPSC. These are the general governing bodies for the recruitment of candidates into the available vacancies in the central and state level. Some of the government sector jobs include:
  • The defense force
  • Banking sector ( SBI)
  • Industry promotion agencies
Some of the public sector firms that take in students of M.Tech Civil Engineering comprise of:
  • Bharat Earth Movers Limited
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • Power Grid Corporation Of India Limited
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
  • MMTC Limited
  • National Fertilizers Limited
  • Bharath Electronics Limited
  • Cement Corporation Of India
  • Hindustan Paper Corporation Limited
  • Hindustan Zinc Limited
  • National Small Industries Corporation Limited

Career in Private Sector after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Post graduates in civil engineering can also find exciting jobs in many of the private sector organizations. They can even try for managerial posts in many of the prominent private sector organizations. Many companies working in the field of software sector also recruit post graduates in civil engineering. Top organizations in the private sector recruiting post graduates in civil engineering are IVRCL Infra, Jaypee Group, Larsen & Toubro Limited, Punj Lloyd etc. they can also pursue their career in the field of teaching.
Career Abroad after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Civil engineers are of great demand in most of the foreign countries. Many organisations working abroad recruit graduates in civil engineering. They provide the graduates with high remunerations. The salaries will be in the range of Rs. 50,000/- to Rs. 1,00,000 per month.
There are many job opportunities available for postgraduate students of Civil Engineering in foreign countries. A few of the main countries which candidates choose to work would include the United Kingdom, the Middle East, USA and Australia etc. Apart from being offered challenging jobs, the students will also find that they get very good salary packages. Thos Civil Engineers who have specialization in some sterling designs.






 

Salaries after M.Tech in Civil Engineering

Master of technology in civil engineering is a post graduate degree in engineering. The minimum time required to complete the course is two years. Candidates can find promising jobs in many public and private sector organisations after completing this course. They can also find numerous jobs abroad.
Job profiles after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
  • Civil Engineer
  • Construction Plant Engineer
  • Construction Project Engineers
  • Junior Civil Engineer/Technician
  • Planning Engineer
  • Project Coordinator / Project Engineer
  • Senior Engineer
  • Site Engineer
  • Teacher
Salaries in Public Sector after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Civil engineers can find promising jobs in the public sector after completing their post graduate degree. In order to get recruited in the central and state government departments, engineers are required to clear certain written test and interview. The common exams include those carried out by Public Service Commission & the UPSC. The most common department where civil engineers are recruited is PWD. Candidates completing M.Tech in Civil Engineering can find opportunities in many public sector organizations. Some of these are listed below.
  • Bharat Earth Movers Limited
  • National Thermal Power Corporation
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
  • MMTC Limited
  • National Fertilizers Limited
  • Bharath Electronics Limited
  • Cement Corporation of India
  • Hindustan Paper Corporation Limited
  • Hindustan Zinc Limited
  • National Small Industries Corporation Limited
These organisations provide the engineers with high remunerations. A post graduate in civil engineering can earn in the range of Rs. 25,000/- to Rs. 40, 000/- per month at an early stage of their career. They can also work as a faculty in any of the government colleges offering this course.
Salaries in Private Sector after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Many reputed private sector organizations in India recruit post graduates in civil engineering. Post graduates in civil engineering can also find managerial posts in many of the renowned organizations. They can also find promising jobs in the software sector. Major private sector firms recruiting post graduates in civil engineering include IVRCL Infra, Jaypee Group, Larsen & Toubro Limited, Punj Lloyd etc. These organizations pay the candidates with high salary scales. In the starting stage of their career post graduates can earn around Rs. 50, 000/- per month. Post graduates can also work as lecturers in any of the reputed private engineering college offering this course.
Salaries Abroad after M.Tech in Civil Engineering
Post graduates in civil engineering can find various exciting jobs in many reputed organizations abroad. Their salary scale will be very high in these organizations. Their salaries will be around Rs. 1 lakh per month









Exams for M.S in Foreign:

TOEFL

TOEFL stands for 'Test Of English as Foreign Language'. TOEFL is a Standardized test that evaluates the English Proficiency of people whose native language is not English. Almost all the universities in the United States and Canada require TOEFL scores from each applicant. The test is also used by institutions in other countries where English is the language of Instruction. The TOEFL tests the ability to understand North American English. A TOEFL score is valid for 2 years.

The TOEFL is administered worldwide by Educational Testing Service (ETS). The test was first administered in 1964 and has since been taken by nearly 20 million students. The TOEFL test is offered in different formats depending on a test taker's location. 
Register for TOEFL Test 

Why TOEFL Test?
TOEFL test is a prerequisite for admission into colleges and universities where English is a lingua franca i.e., native or official language. Besides admissions, many licensing, government, and certification agencies and exchange and scholarship programs use TOEFL scores to evaluate the English proficiency of people for whom English is not their native language.

Who Should Take the TOEFL Test?
Non-native English speakers at the 11th-grade level or above should take the TOEFL test to provide evidence of their English proficiency before beginning academic work. The test content is considered too difficult for students below 11th grade.

Who don't need to take the TOEFL Test?
·         Non-native speakers who hold degrees or diplomas from post-secondary institutions in English-speaking countries (e.g., the United States, Canada, England, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand)
·         Non-native speakers who have successfully completed at least a two-year course of study in which English was the language of instruction
·         Transfer students from institutions in the United States or Canada whose academic course work was favorably evaluated in relation to its demands and duration
·         Nonnative speakers who have taken the TOEFL test within the past two years
·         Nonnative speakers who have successfully pursued academic work at schools where English was the language of instruction in an English-speaking country for a specified period, generally two years
Who administers the TOEFL test?
The TOEFL test is developed and administered by the US-based 
"Educational Testing Service" (ETS). This implies that ETS sets the questions, conducts the test, and sends each examinee the score report. For the conduct of the test, ETS has appointed Testing Agencies in various countries, which act as franchisee for ETS.

Formats of the TOEFL

Internet-based Test (iBT)
TOEFL Internet-based test (iBT), ever since its introduction in late 2005 has progressively replaced both the (CBT) computer-based and (PBT) paper-based tests. The iBT has been introduced in phases, with the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy in 2005 and the rest of the world in 2006, with test centers increased periodically till-date. The demand for test seats remains very high even after almost a year after the introduction of the test; candidates have to wait for months since short-term test dates are fully booked. The four-hour test consists of four sections, each measuring mainly one of the basic language skills (although some tasks may require integration of these skills) and focusing on language used in an academic, higher-education environment.

The TOEFL Internet-based test emphasizes integrated skills and measures all four language skills, including speaking. The content on the test is authentic, and the language is consistent with that used in everyday, real academic settings. The test assesses proficiency of the candidates in all communication skills.


The test has four sections

Reading
Listening
Speaking
Writing
·         Reading measures the ability to understand academic reading matter.
·         Listening measures the ability to understand English as it is used in colleges and universities.
·         Speaking measures the ability to speak English.
·         Writing measures the ability to write in a way that is appropriate for college and university course work. Detailed
descriptions and samples are available at the official website.
Computer-based Test (CBT)
The computer-based test was abolished on September 30th 2006. It is divided into four sections, measuring language proficiency in listening, structure (grammar), reading and writing.

1. Listening Comprehension (45-70 minutes)
Type of Questions: Conversations between two or more people in academic environments. Short conversations between students, and lectures may be possible conversations. Questions are basically of the who said what type.

2. Structure (grammar) (15-20 minutes)
Type of Questions: Identify the erroneous word(s) in the sentence. Fill in the blanks using the appropriate word.

3. Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary (70-90 minutes)
Type of Question: Questions are posed about content, intent of the author, and ideas inferred from each of the 3-4 passages given.

4. Essay Writing (30 minutes)
Type of Question: To write an essay on a given general topic, and take a position towards it.

The Listening and Structure sections are computer-adaptive, meaning that the difficulty level of each question depends on the correctness of previous responses. Three sub scores are obtained, each of which is given on a 0-30 scale: Listening, Structure/Writing (combined), and Reading. These sub scores are averaged to obtain the final score, which is in a 0-300 scale. The Writing score is also reported separately, on a 0-6 scale.

Paper-based Test (PBT)
In areas where the iBT and CBT are not available, a paper-based test (PBT) is given. The PBT tests essentially the same skills as the CBT, albeit with some differences, noticeably the number of questions (which is higher in the PBT) and the score scales. The final PBT score ranges between 310 and 677, and is based on three sub scores: Listening (31-68), Structure (31-68) and Reading (31-67). Unlike the CBT, the score of the Writing section (referred to as the Test of Written English, TWE) is not part of the final score; instead, it is reported separately on a scale from 0 to 6.




















GRE
The GRE® General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study. TheGRE® Subject Tests gauge undergraduate achievement in eight specific fields of study.

GRE General Test Overview

What Is It?

The GRE® General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study.

Verbal Reasoning - The skills measured include the test taker's ability to analyze and evaluate written material and synthesize information obtained from it analyze relationships among component parts of sentences recognize relationships between words and concepts.

Quantitative Reasoning - The skills measured include the test taker's ability to understand basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis reason quantitatively solve problems in a quantitative setting.

Analytical Writing - The skills measured include the test taker's ability to articulate complex ideas clearly and effectively examine claims and accompanying evidence support ideas with relevant reasons and examples sustain a well-focused, coherent discussion control the elements of standard written English.

Who Takes It and Why?
Prospective graduate applicants take the General Test. GRE test scores are used by admissions or fellowship panels to supplement undergraduate records and other qualifications for graduate study. The scores provide common measures for comparing the qualifications of applicants and aid in evaluating grades and recommendations.

Where Do People Take It?
The General Test is offered year-round at computer-based test centers in the U.S., Canada, and many other countries. It is offered at paper-based test centers in areas of the world where computer-based testing is not available. See which format is available in your area.

Who Accepts It?
Any accredited graduate or professional school, or any department or division within a school, may require or recommend that its applicants take the General Test, a Subject Test, or both. If approved by the GRE Board, a non-accredited institution can also receive test takers' scores.

Test Content

Computer-Based General Test Content and Structure
Typical Computer-Based General Test
Paper-Based General Test Content and Structure
Typical Paper-Based General Test
Modified Versions of Verbal and Quantitative Questions

Computer-Based General Test Content and Structure

The computer-based General Test has three sections.

In addition, one unidentified pretest section may be included, and this section can appear in any position in the test after the analytical writing section. Questions in the pretest section are being tested for possible use in future tests, and answers will not count toward your scores.

An identified research section that is not scored may also be included, and this section would always appear in the final section of the test. Questions in the research section are included for the purpose of ETS research, and answers will not count toward your scores.

Total testing time is up to three hours, not including the research section. The directions at the beginning of each section specify the total number of questions in the section and the time allowed for the section.

The analytical writing section is always first. For the Issue task, two topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead, one topic will be presented.

The verbal and quantitative sections may appear in any order, including an unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section. Treat each section presented during your test as if it counts.

Typical Computer-Based GRE® General Test
Section
Number of Questions
Time
Analytical Writing
1 Issue Task*
45 minutes
Analytical Writing
1 Argument Task*
30 minutes
Verbal
30
30 minutes
Quantitative
28
45 minutes
Pretest**
Varies
Varies
Research***
Varies
Varies

* For the Issue task, two essay topics are presented and you choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead one topic is presented.

** An unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section may be included and may appear in any order after the analytical writing section. It is not counted as part of your score.

*** An identified research section that is not scored may be included, and it is always at the end of the test.

Paper-Based General Test Content and Structure
The paper-based GRE General Test contains five sections.

In addition, one unidentified pretest section may be included, and this section can appear in any position in the test after the analytical writing section. Questions in the pretest section are being tested for possible use in future tests, and answers will not count toward your scores.

Total testing time is up to 3 3/4 hours. The directions at the beginning of each section specify the total number of questions in the section and the time allowed for the section.

The analytical writing section is always first. For the Issue task, two topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead one topic will be presented.

The verbal and quantitative sections may appear in any order, including an unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section. Treat each section presented during your test as if it counts.

Typical Paper-Based General Test
Section
Number of Questions
Time
Analytical Writing
1 Issue Task*
45 minutes
Analytical Writing
1 Argument Task*
30 minutes
Verbal (2 sections)
38 per section
30 minutes per section
Quantitative (2 sections)
30 per section
30 minutes per section
Pretest**
Varies
30 minutes

*For the Issue task, two essay topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead, one topic will be presented.

** An unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section may be included and may appear in any order after the analytical
writing section. It is not counted as part of your score.

Modified Versions of Verbal and Quantitative Questions
The test you take may include questions that are modified versions of published questions or of questions you have already seen on an earlier section of the test. Some modifications are substantial; others are less apparent.

Thus, even if a question appears to be similar to a question you have already seen, it may in fact be a different question and may also have a different correct answer. You can be assured of doing your best on the test you take by paying careful attention to the wording of each question as it appears in your test.

The GRE Program is currently investigating the feasibility of reusing questions that have been published in GRE practice materials. As part of that investigation, you may see questions from these materials on a test you take. 




















IELTS
What is IELTS?

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is designed to measure the overall proficiency in English. It is a prerequisite for those who wish to study or work where English is the language of communication. It conforms to the highest international standards of language assessment. The test is simultaneously conducted by British Council, IDP Australia and Cambridge ESOL. 
Register for IELTS Test 

International Recognition:

IELTS is recognized for course admission by universities in many countries, including Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the USA, the UK and increasingly in Germany and wider Europe. IELTS is also required as proof of your language abilities for immigration to Australia, New Zealand and Canada.

What the test is all about:

Candidates are tested in Listening, Reading, Writing And Speaking. All candidates take the same Listening and Speaking Modules.

There is a choice between Academic and General Training in the Reading and Writing Modules. The first three modules ? Listening, Reading and Writing ? must be completed in one day. There is no break between the modules. The Speaking Module may be taken, at the discretion of the test centre, in the period seven days before or after the other modules.

Can I Choose Test Modules:

Yes, You can choose between the Academic and General Training Modules.

Choose the Academic Module if you want to go to university in an English speaking country or if you want to register with the General Medical Council or Dental Medical Council in the UK.

If you wish to emigrate to Australia, New Zealand or Canada opt for the General Training Module.

To make sure that you choose the module you need, please check with the institution you are doing the test for. It is your solely your discretion to choose the right Module.

So what are the modules:

Module
Duration
Test section
Score
Listening
30 minutes
4 sections
Band 0-9
Reading General*/Academic
60 minutes
3 passages
Band 0-9
Writing General*/Academic
60 minutes
2 tasks
Band 0-9
Speaking
10-14 minutes
3 rounds
Band 0-9


Where can I take the test?

IELTS tests are administered at centres throughout the world. There are currently nearly 400 centres, in over 100 countries. Centres supervise the local administration of the test and ensure the provision of qualified and trained examiners. A full list of centres is available on the IELTS website. Test centres run regular test administrations, according to local need and results are available within two weeks. Candidates receive only one copy of their results but additional copies may be sent by the test centre directly to receiving organizations at the request of the candidate.

How am I evaluated :

The tests are designed to cover the full range of ability from non- user to expert user on a scale from 0 (non-user) to 9 (expert user).

  IELTS Test Bands : Overview
9. Expert
user Has fully operational command of the language: appropriate, accurate and fluent with complete understanding.
8. Very good user
Has fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriacies. Misunderstandings may occur in unfamiliar situations. Handles complex detailed argumentation well.
7. Good user
Has operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally handles complex language well and understands detailed reasoning.
6. Competent user
Has generally effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings. Can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.
5. Modest user
Has partial command of the language, coping with overall meaning in most situations, though is likely to make many mistakes. Should be able to handle basic communication in own field.
4. Limited user
Basic competence is limited to familiar situations. Has frequent problems in understanding and expression. Is not able to use complex language.
3. Extremely limited user
Conveys and understands only general meaning in very familiar situations. Frequent breakdowns in communication occur.
2. Intermittent user
No real communication is possible except for the most basic information using isolated words or short formulae in familiar situations and to meet immediate needs. Has great difficulty understanding spoken and written English.
1. Non user
Essentially has no ability to use the language beyond possibly a few isolated words.
0. Did not Attempt the Test
No assessable information provided.
























Job opportunities:-

Civil Engineers can find job in Government departments, private and public sector industries, research and teaching institutions etc. Job opportunities for civil engineers are expected to increase as fast as the average for all jobs, although the construction industry is vulnerable to fluctuations in the economy. 
Civil engineers will always be needed to maintain and repair existing facilities and structures and to construct new ones. After doing B.Tech, one can look for jobs in road projects, building work, consultancy firms, quality testing laboratories or housing societies. The experts say there is a high demand for experienced civil engineers in developed countries. 
Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government, the railways, private construction companies, military, engineering services, consultancy services etc. 
Civil engineering graduates can also go in for research and take up teaching or they can open their own independent consultancy services.
















Miscellaneous Exams after B.E degree to get direct job :-


Engineering Services (IES) Examination:-


1. The EXAMINATION shall be conducted according to the following plan:-
Part I-The written examination will comprise two sections-Section I consisting only of objective types of questions and Section II of conventional papers. Both Sections will cover the entire syllabus of the relevant engineering disciplines viz. Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering. The standard and syllabi prescribed for these papers are given in Schedule to the Appendix. The details of the written examination i.e. subject, duration and maximum marks allotted to each subject are given in para 2 below.
Part II-Personality test carrying a maximum of 200 marks of such of the candidates who qualify on the basis of the written examination.
2. The following will be the subjects for the written examination:-
Note: Candidates are advised to read carefully special instruction to candidates for conventional type tests and objective type tests given in Appendix-IV (Part A & Part B) including the procedure regarding filling in the Answer Sheet of objective type tests in the Examination Hall.
3. In the Personality Test special attention will be paid to assessing the candidate's capacity for leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, powers of practical application and integrity of character.
4. Conventional papers must be answered in English. Question papers will be set in English only.
5. Candidates must write the papers in their own hand. In no circumstances will they be allowed the help of a scribe to write the answers for them.
6. The Commission have discretion to fix minimum qualifying marks in any or all the papers of the examination. The Objective Type papers as contained in Section-I of the Plan of the Examination will be evaluated first and evaluation of the Conventional Type papers contained in Section-II of the Plan of Examination will be done only of those candidates who obtain the minimum qualifying marks in Objective types papers, as fixed by the Commission.
7. Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial knowledge.
8. Deduction up to 5 per cent of the maximum marks for the written papers will be made for illegible handwriting.
9. Credit will be given for orderly, effective and exact expression combined with due economy of words in the conventional papers of the examination.
10. In the question papers, wherever required, SI units will be used.


Category
Section
Subject
Duration
Maximum Marks
I-CIVIL ENGINEERING
I-Objective Papers
General Ability Test (Part A: General English)(Part B: General Studies)
2 Hrs
200
Civil Engineering Paper I
2Hrs
200
Civil Engineering Paper II
2Hrs
200
II-Conventional Papers
Civil Engineering Paper I
3Hrs
200
Civil Engineering Paper II
3Hrs
200
Total
1000
I-Mechanical ENGINEERING
I-Objective Papers
General Ability Test (Part A: General English)(Part B: General Studies)
2 Hrs
200
Mechanical Engineering Paper I
2Hrs
200
Mechanical Engineering Paper II
2Hrs
200
II-Conventional Papers
Mechanical Engineering Paper I
3Hrs
200
Mechanical Engineering Paper II
3Hrs
200
Total
1000
III-Electrical ENGINEERING
I-Objective Papers
General Ability Test (Part A: General English)(Part B: General Studies)
2 Hrs
200
Electrical Engineering Paper I
2Hrs
200
Electrical Engineering Paper II
2Hrs
200
II-Conventional Papers
Electrical Engineering Paper I
3Hrs
200
Electrical Engineering Paper II
3Hrs
200
Total
1000
IV-Electronics & Telecommunication ENGINEERING
I-Objective Papers
General Ability Test (Part A: General English)(Part B: General Studies)
2 Hrs
200
Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Paper I
2Hrs
200
Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Paper II
2Hrs
200
II-Conventional Papers
Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Paper I
3Hrs
200
Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering Paper II
3Hrs
200
Total
1000
NOTE: Candidates will be supplied with standard tables/charts in SI units in the Examination hall for reference purpose, wherever considered necessary.
11. Candidates are permitted to bring and use battery operated pocket calculators for conventional (essay) type papers only. Loaning or inter-changing of calculators in the Examination hall is not permitted.
It is also important to note that candidates are not permitted to use calculators for answering objective type paper (Test book lets). They should not, therefore, bring the same inside the Examination Hall.
12. Candidates should use only International form of Indian numerals (e.g. 1,2,3,4,5,6 etc.) while answering question papers.
SCHEDULE TO APPENDIX I
Standard and Syllabi
The standard of paper in General Ability Test will be such as may be expected of a Engineering/Science Graduate. The standard of papers in other subjects will approximately be that of an Engineering Degree Examination of an Indian University. There will be no practical examination in any of the subjects.
GENERAL ABILITY TEST
Part A: General English. The question paper in General English will be designed to test the candidate's understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.
Part B: General Studies: The paper in General Studies will include knowledge of current events and of such matters as of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which candidates should be able to answer without special study.












Notification IES Examination

 Examination Notice No. 05/2005
  Dated : 14 - 01 - 2006 - Engineering Services Examination, 2006
No.F. 2/4/2005-E.I(B): A combined competitive examination for recruitment to the Services/posts mentioned in para 2 below will be held by the Union Public Service Commission at AGARTLA, AHMEDABAD, AIZWAL, ALIGARH, ALLAHABAD, BANGALORE, BAREILLY, BHOPAL,KOLKATA(CALCUTTA),CHANDIGARH, CHENNAI, CUTTACK, DEHRADUN, DELHI, DHARWAR, DISPUR (GUWAHATI), GANGTOK, HYDERABAD, IMPHAL, ITANAGAR, JAIPUR, JAMMU, JORHAT, KOCHI , KOHIMA, KOLKATA , LUCKNOW, MADURAI, MUMBAI, NAGPUR, PANAJI (GOA), PATNA, PORTBLAIR, RAIPUR, RANCHI, SAMBALPUR, SHILLONG, SHIMLA, SRINAGAR, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, TIRUPATI, UDAIPUR AND VISHAKHAPATNAM commencing on 10th June, 2006in accordance with the Rules published by the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) in the Gazette of India dated the 14th January, 2006.
THE CENTRES AND THE DATE OF HOLDING THE EXAMINATION AS MENTIONED ABOVE ARE LIABLE TO BE CHANGED AT THE DISCRETION OF THE COMMISSION. WHILE EVERY EFFORT WILL BE MADE TO ALLOT THE CANDIDATES TO THE CENTRE OF THEIR CHOICE FOR EXAMINATION, THE COMMISSION MAY, AT THEIR DISCRETION, ALLOT A DIFFERENT CENTRE TO A CANDIDATE WHEN CIRCUMSTANCES SO WARRANT. CANDIDATES ADMITTED TO THE EXAMINATION WILL BE INFORMED OF THE TIME TABLE AND PLACE OR PLACES OF Examination.
The candidates should note that no request for change of centre will normally be granted. However, when a candidate desires a change in centre from the one he had indicated in his Application form for the Examination, he must send a letter addressed to the Secretary, Union Public Service Commission giving full justification as to why he desires a change in centre. Such requests will be considered on merits but requests received in the Commission’s Office after 13th March, 2006 will not be entertained under any circumstances nor will such communications be replied to.
2(A). Recruitment on the results of this examination will be made to the Services/posts under the following categories:-
Category I—Civil Engineering.
Category II—Mechanical Engineering.
Category III—Electrical Engineering.
Category IV—Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering.

The number of vacancies to be filled on the results of the examination is expected to be approximately 300. The number of vacancies is liable to alteration.
Reservations will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Physically Disabled Categories in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government of India.

CATEGORY I - CIVIL ENGINEERING

Group A Services/Posts


(i) Indian Railway Service of Engineers.
(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Civil Engineering Posts).
(iii) Central Engineering Service.
(iv) Military Engineer Service (IDSE— Building and Roads Cadre).
(v) Central Water Engineering Service (Civil Engineering Posts).
(vi) Central Engineering Service (Roads) Group-A (Civil Engineering Posts).
(vii) Assistant Executive Engineer (Civil) in the Border Roads Engineering Service.

CATEGORY II - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Group A Services/Posts


(i) Indian Railway Service of MECHANICAL Engineers.
(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
(iii) Central Water Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
(iv) Central Power Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
(v) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (MECHANICAL Engineering Posts).
(vi) Indian Naval Armament Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
(vii) Military Engineer Service (IDSE— Electrical and Mechanical Cadre) (Mechanical Engineering Posts).
(viii) Assistant Executive Engineer Group 'A' (Mechanical Engineering Posts) in the Corps of EME, Ministry of Defence.
(ix) Assistant Naval Store officer Grade I (Mechanical Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.
(x) Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Mechanical Engineering Posts)
(xi) Assistant Executive Engineer (Electrical & Mechanical) (Mechanical Engineering Posts) in Boarder Roads Engineering Service, Group 'A'
(xii) Drilling Engineer (Junior) (Grade A) in the Geological Survey of India.
(xiii) Central Engineering Service (Roads) Gr "A" (Mechanical Engg. Posts)

CATEGORY III - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Group A Services/Posts

(i) Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers.
(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).
(iii) Central Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).
(iv) Indian Naval Armament Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).
(v) Central Power Engineering Service (Electrical Engineering Posts).
(vi) Military Engineering Service (IDSE) Electrical and MECHANICAL Cadre) (Electrical Engineering Posts).
(vii) Assistant Executive Engineer Group A (Electrical Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E, Ministry of Defence.
(viii) Assistant Naval Store officer Grade I (Electrical Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.

CATEGORY IV - ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

Group A Services/Posts

(i) Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers.
(ii) Indian Railway Stores Service (Tele-communication/Electronics Engineering Posts).
(iii) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Engineering Branch) (Electronics Engineering Posts).
(iv) Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts).
(v) Central Power Engineering Service (Electronics & Telecommunications Engineering Posts).
(vi) Assistant Executive Engineer Group ‘A’ (Electronics Engineering Posts) in the Corps of E.M.E., Ministry of Defence.
(vii) Engineer Gr."A" in Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing/Monitoring Organisation; M/o Communication and Information Technology (D/o Telecommunication)
(viii) Assistant Naval Store officer Grade I (Electronics & Telecom Engineering Posts) in Indian Navy.
Note:- Recruitment to the Services/Posts mentioned above will be made on the basis of the scheme(s) of examination prescribed in Appendix-I to the Notice. Candidates who are declared qualified on the results of written part of the examination will be required to indicate their preference for Services/Posts at the appropriate time in the detailed application form.

N.B.(i) - Departmental candidates are the candidates admitted to the examination under age relaxation vide Para 3 (II). Such candidates may give their preference in the detailed application form for the services/posts in other ministries/departments also.
N.B. (ii)— Candidates admitted to the examination under the proviso to para 3 (III) will be considered only for the posts mentioned in the said proviso, and their preference for other Services and Posts, if any, will be ignored.
N.B. (iii)— The candidates will be allotted to various Services/Posts strictly in accordance with their merit position, preferences exercised by them and number of vacancies, subject to their medical fitness.
B. A candidate may apply for admission to the examination in respect of any one of the categories of the Services/Posts mentioned in para 2 above viz. Civil Engineering or Mechanical Engineering or Electrical Engineering or Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering.





Important 

1. CANDIDATES TO ENSURE THEIR ELIGIBILITY FOR THE EXAMINATION:
  
The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility condition for admission to examination. Their admission at all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions

Mere issue of admission certificate to the candidate will not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission.
Commission take up verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents only after the candidate has qualified for interview/Personality Test.

2. APPLICATION FORM :
Candidates must apply in the Common application form devised by the Commission for its examinations, which can be purchased from the designated Head post Offices/Post Offices (specified in Appendix-III of the Notice) throughout the country against cash payment of Rs. 20/- (Rupees Twenty Only). Each such Form can be used only once and only for one examination.

In case of any difficulty in Application Forms from the designated HPOs/POs, the candidates should immediately contact the concerned post Master or UPSC's "FORMS SUPPLY MONITORING CELL" over Telephone No. 011-23389366/FAX No. 011-23387310. Candidates are advised to read carefully the "Instructions for filling up the Application form"given in Appendix of this Notice.

3. LAST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS :
All applications must reach the "Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi - 110069" either by hand or by Post/Speed Post or by Courier, on or before the 13th February, 2006.

However, in respect of candidates residing abroad or in certain remote localities specified in Para 6 of this Notice the last date for receipt of applications by Post/Speed Post only (not by Hand or by Courier) is 20th February, 2006.

4. FACILITATION COUNTER AND WEBSITE FOR GUIDANCE OF CANDIDATES :
In case of any guidance/information/clarification regarding their applications, candidature etc. candidates can contact UPSC's Facilitation Counter near 'C' gate of its campus in person or over Telephone No. 011-23385271/FAX No. 011-23381125/011-23098543 on working days between 10.00 hrs to 17.00 hrs.

The Commission also has Website at address : http://www.upsc.gov.in over which the candidates can obtain details of the examination as well as information about registration of their applications, venue of the examination and results etc.

5. SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS:
Candidates are advised to read carefully the instructions/guidelines for filling up the Application Form (Appendix II) and "Special Instructions to the candidates for "Conventional Type Tests and Objective Type Tests" (Appendix IV) (Part A and Part B)

6. Mobile Phone Not Allowed:
(a) Mobile phones, pagers or any other communication devices are not allowed inside the premises where the examination is being conducted. Any infringement of these instructions shall entail disciplinary action including ban from future examinations.
(b) Candidates are advised in their own interest not to bring any of the banned item including mobile phones/pagers to the venue of the examination, as arrangement for safekeeping can not be assured.






 Eligibility Conditions:

(I) Nationality:
A candidate must be either:
(a) a citizen of India, or
(b) a subject of Nepal, or
(c) a subject of Bhutan, or
(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to Indian before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued by the Government of India.

(II) Age Limits:
(a) A candidate for this examination must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on the 1st August, 2006 i.e. he must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1976 and not later than 1st August, 1985.

(b) The upper age-limit of 30 years will be relaxable upto 35 years in the case of Government servants of the following categories, if they are employed in a Department/Office under the control of any of the authorities mentioned in column 1 below and apply for admission to the examination for all or any of the Service(s)/Posts mentioned in column 2, for which they are otherwise eligible.

(i) A candidate who holds substantively a permanent post in the particular Department/Office concerned. This relaxation will not be admissible to a probationer appointed against a permanent post in the Department/Office during the period of his probation.
(ii) A candidate who has been continuously in a temporary service on a regular basis in the particular Department/Office for at least 3 years on the 1st August, 2006. 

Column 1
Column 2
Railway Department
I.R.S.E. I.R.S.M.E. I.R.S.E.E. I.R.S.S.E. I.R.S.S.
Central Public Works Department
C.E.S.—Group ‘A’ C.E. & M.E.S., Group ‘A’
Engineer-in-Chief, Army Headquarters
M.E.S. Group A (IDSE B & R Cadre),M.E.S. Group A (IDSE—E. & M. Cadre)
Directorate General Ordnance Factories
I.O.F.S. Group A
Central Water Commission
C.W.E. Service (Group A)
Central Electricity Authority
C.P.E. Service (Group A)
Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing/Monitoring Organisation
Engineer (Group 'A')
Indian Navy
Indian Naval Armament Service,Assistant Naval Store Officer Grade I
Border Roads Organisation
Border Roads Engineering Service.
Geological Survey of India
Drilling Engineer (Jr.) Gr. 'A'

NOTE—The period of apprenticeship if followed by appointment against a working posts on the Railways may be treated as Railway Service for the purpose of age concession.

(c) The upper age-limit prescribed above will be further relaxable—

(i) Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe;

(ii) Upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.
(iii) Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989.

(iv) Upto a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Service personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area, and released as a consequence thereof;

(v) Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2006 and have been released (i) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2006) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (ii) on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service or (iii) on invalidment;

(vi) Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Services as on 1st August, 2006 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.

(vii) Upto a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons.

Note (I)—Candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under any other clauses of Para 3 (II)(c) above, viz. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen, persons domiciled in the State of J & K, blind, deaf-mute and orthopaedically handicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.

Note (II)—The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.

Note (III)—The age concession under Para 3(II)(c)(v) and (vi) will not be admissible to Ex-Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs, who are released on own request.

Note (IV)—Notwithstanding, the provision of age-relaxation under Para 3(II)(c)(vii) above, a physically handicapped candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/she (after such physical examination as the Government or appointing authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirement of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/posts to be allocated to the physically handicapped candidates by the Government.

N.B.
—The candidature of a person who is admitted to the examination under the age concession mentioned in Para 3(II)(b) above shall be cancelled if, after submitting his application he resigns from service or his services are terminated by his department/office either before or after taking the examination. He will, however, continue to be eligible if he is retrenched from the Service or post after submitting his application. A candidate who after submitting his application to the department is transferred to other department/office will be eligible to compete under departmental age concession provided his application has been forwarded by his parent department.

SAVE AS PROVIDED ABOVE THE AGE LIMITS PRESCRIBED CAN IN NO CASE BE RELAXED.

The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to matriculation or in an extract from a Register of matriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate. These certificates are required to be submitted along with the detailed applications which will be required to be submitted by the candidates who qualify on the result of the written part of the examination.
No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted.
The expression Matriculation/Secondary Examination Certificate in this part of the instruction includes the alternative certificates mentioned above.

NOTE 1:- CANDIDATES SHOULD NOTE THAT ONLY THE DATE OF BIRTH AS RECORDED IN THE MATRICULATION/SECONDARY EXAMINATION CERTIFICATE OR AN EQUIVALENT CERTIFICATE ON THE DATE OF SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION WILL BE ACCEPTED BY THE COMMISSION AND NO SUBSEQUENT REQUEST FOR ITS CHANGE WILL BE CONSIDERED OR GRANTED.
NOTE 2:- CANDIDATES SHOULD ALSO NOTE THAT ONCE A DATE OF BIRTH HAS BEEN CLAIMED BY THE THEM AND ENTERED IN THE RECORDS OF THE COMMISSION FOR THE PURPOSE OF ADMISSION TO AN EXAMINATION, NO CHANGE WILL BE ALLOWED SUBSEQUENTLY (OR AT ANY OTHER EXAMINATION OF THE COMMISSION) ON ANY GROUNDS WHATSOEVER.
NOTE 3. CANDIDATES SHOULD EXERCISE DUE CARE WHILE ENTERING THEIR DATE OF BIRTH IN COLUMN 8 OF THE APPLICATION FORM. IF ON VERIFICATION AT ANY SUBSEQUENT STAGE, ANY VARIATION IS FOUND IN THEIR DATE OF BIRTH FROM THE ONE ENTERED IN THEIR MATRICULATION OR EQUIVALENT EXAMINATION CERTIFICATE, DISCIPLINARY ACTION WILL BE TAKEN AGAINST THEM BY THE COMMISSION UNDER THE RULES.

(III) Minimum Educational Qualification:


For admission to the examination, a candidate must have—

(a) obtained a degree in Engineering from a University incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other Educational Institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as Universities under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956; or

(b) passed Section A and B of the Institution Examinations of the Institution of Engineers (India); or

(c) obtained a degree/diploma in Engineering from such foreign University/College/Institution and under such conditions as may be recognised by the Government for the purpose from time to time, or

(d) passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (India); or

(e) passed Associate Membership Examination Parts II and III/Sections A and B of the Aeronautical Society of India; or

(f) passed Graduate Membership Examination of the Institution of Electronics and Radio Engineers, London held after November, 1959.
Provided that a candidate for the post of Indian Naval Armament Service (Electronics Engineering Posts and Engineer Group 'A' in Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing/Monitoring Organisation) may possess any of the above qualifications or the qualification mentioned below namely:-
M.Sc. degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communication, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as a special subject.

NOTE-1—A candidate who has appeared at an examination the passing of which would render him educationally qualified for this examination, but has not been informed of the result, may apply for admission to the examination. A candidate who intends to appear at such a qualifying examination may also apply. Such candidates will be admitted to the examination, if otherwise eligible, but their admission would be deemed to be provisional and subject to cancellation, if they do not produce proof of having passed the requisite qualifying examination alongwith the detailed applications which will be required to be submitted by the candidates who qualify on the result of written part of the examination.

NOTE-2—In exceptional cases, the Commission may treat a candidate, who has not any of the qualifications prescribed in this rule, as educationally qualified provided that he has passed examinations conducted by other institutions the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission justifies his admission to the examination.

NOTE-3—A candidate who is otherwise qualified but who has taken a degree from a foreign University which is not recognised by Government, may also apply to the Commission and may be admitted to the examination at the discretion of the Commission.
(iv) Physical standards
Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Engineering Services Examination, 2006 as per guidelines given in Appendix-II of the rules for the Engineering Services Examination, 2006 published in the Gazette of India Extraordinary dated 14th January, 2006.

FEE: 
A candidate seeking admission to Examination must pay to the Commission a fee of Rs. 100.00 (Rupees One hundred only) through a single Central Recruitment Fee stamp. Central Recruitment Fee Stamp of the requisite denomination. Central Recruitment Fee Stamp (NOT postage stamps) must be obtained from the post office and affixed on the application form in the space provided therein. The stamp may be got cancelled from the issuing Post Office with the date stamp of the post office in such a manner that the impression of the cancellation mark partially overflows on the application form itself but within the space provided on the form. The impression of the cancellation mark should be clear and distinct to facilitate the identification of date and the Post Office of issue.

Candidates residing abroad should deposit the prescribed fee in the office of India’s High Commissioner, Ambassador or representative abroad as the case may be for credit to account head "051-Public Service Commission-Examination Fees" and attach the receipt with the application.

APPLICATION NOT COMPLYING WITH THIS REQUIREMENT WILL BE SUMMARILY REJECTED.
CANDIDATES BELONGING TO SCHEDULED CASTES/SCHEDULED TRIBES ARE NOT REQUIRED TO PAY ANY FEE. NO FEE EXEMPTION IS, HOWEVER AVAILABLE TO OBC CANDIDATES AND THEY ARE REQUIRED TO PAY THE full PRESCRIBED FEE.

Physically handicapped persons are exempted from the payment of fee provided they are otherwise eligible for appointment to the Services/posts to be filled on the results of this examination on the basis of the standards of medical fitness for these Service/posts (including any concessions specifically extended to the physically handicapped). A physically handicapped candidate claiming age relaxation/fee concession will be required by the Commission to submit along with their detailed application form, a certified copy of the certificate from a Government hospital/Medical Board in support of his claim for being physically handicapped.

NOTE: Notwithstanding the aforesaid provision for age relaxation/fee exemption, a physically handicapped candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he (after such physical examination as the Government or the appointing authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/Posts to be allocated to Physically Handicapped candidates by the Government.
‘Postage Stamps’ will in no case be accepted in lieu of Central Recruitment Fee stamp.

CANDIDATES SHOULD NOTE THAT THE FEE SENT THROUGH BANK DRAFT, INDIAN POSTAL ORDERS, MONEY ORDER, CROSSED CHEQUE, CURRENCY NOTES OR TREASURY CHALLAN ETC. WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED BY THE COMMISSION AND SUCH APPLICATIONS WILL BE TREATED AS WITHOUT FEE AND WILL BE SUMMARILY REJECTED.
Note (i) : Applications not accompanied by the Prescribed Fee (Unless remission of fee is claimed) shall be summarily rejected.
Note (ii) : Fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor can the fee be held in reserve for any other examination or selection.
Note (iii):- If any candidate who took the Engineering Services Examination held in 2005 wishes to apply for admission to this examination, he must submit his application so as to reach the Commission’s Office by the prescribed date without waiting for the results or an offer of appointment.





HOW TO APPLY:

(a) The UPSC have developed an application form common for all their examination which will be processed on computerised machines. This application form along with an Information Brochure containing general instructions for filling up the form, an acknowledgement card and an envelope for sending the application is obtainable from the designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices throughout the country as listed in Appendix-III of Notice against cash payment of Rs. 20/- (Rupees twenty only). Form should be purchased from the designated Post Offices only and not from any other agency. This form can be used only once and for only one examination. Candidates must use the form supplied with the Information Brochure only and they should in no case use photocopy/reproduction/unauthorisedly printed copy of the Form. Since this form is electronically scannable, due care should be taken to fill up the application form correctly. While filling up the application form, please rear to detailed instructions given in Appendix-II of this Notice. The candidate should also fill up in the relevant places of the Acknowledgement Card, their Application Form Number (8-digit) and the name of the Examination. The applicants are required to affix the postage stamp of Rs. 6/- on the Acknowledgement Cards and send the same alongwith application form to UPSC. If an applicant fails to affix the postage stamp of requisite amount his acknowledgement card will not be despatched and Commission will not be responsible for non-receipt of acknowledgement card by the applicant. The duly filled in application form and the acknowledgement card should then be mailed in the special envelope supplied with the Information Brochure. The candidate should also write the name of Examination viz. "Engineering Services Examination, 2006" on the envelope before despatching it to "Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, New Delhi-110069".

(b) All candidates, whether already in Government Service, or in Government owned industrial undertakings or other similar organisations or in private employment, should submit their applications direct to the Commission. If any candidate forwards his application through his employer and it reaches the Union Public Service Commission late, the application, even if submitted to the employer before the closing date, will not be considered.
Persons, already in Government service whether in a permanent or temporary capacity or as work-charged employees other than casual or daily rated employees or those serving under public enterprises are, however, required to submit an undertaking that they have informed in writing their Head of Office/Department that they have applied for the Examination. Candidates should note that in case communication is received from their employer by the Commission withholding permission to the candidates applying for/appearing at the Examination, their application will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

Note 1: WHILE FILLING IN HIS APPLICATION FORM, THE CANDIDATE SHOULD CAREFULLY DECIDE ABOUT HIS CHOICE FOR THE CENTRE AND ENGINEERING DISCIPLINE FOR THE EXAMINATION. MORE THAN ONE APPLICATION FROM A CANDIDATE GIVING DIFFERENT CENTRES AND OR ENGINEERING DISCIPLINE WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED IN ANY CASE. EVEN IF A CANDIDATE SENDS MORE THAN ONE COMPLETED APPLICATION, THE COMMISSION WILL ACCEPT ONLY ONE APPLICATION AT THEIR DISCRETION AND THE COMMISSION’S DECISION IN THE MATTER SHALL BE FINAL.
IF ANY CANDIDATE APPEARS AT A CENTRE ENGINEERING DISCIPLINE OTHER THAN THE ONE INDICATED BY THE COMMISSION IN HIS ADMISSION CERTIFICATE, THE PAPERS OF SUCH A CANDIDATE WILL NOT BE VALUED AND HIS CANDIDATURE WILL BE LIABLE TO CANCELLATION.

Note 2. SINCE THESE APPLICATION FORMS ARE TO BE PROCESSED IN A COMPUTERISED SYSTEM, DUE CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN BY THE CANDIDATES TO FILL UP THEIR APPLICATION FORM CORRECTLY. NECESSARY INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING UP THE FORM MAY BE SEEN AT APPENDIX II. NO COLUMN OF THE APPLICATION SHOULD BE LEFT BLANK. INCOMPLETE OR DEFECTIVE APPLICATIONS SHALL BE SUMMARILY REJECTED. NO REPRESENTATION OR CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING SUCH REJECTION SHALL BE ENTERTAINED UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES.
CANDIDATES ARE NOT REQUIRED TO SUBMIT ALONG WITH THEIR APPLICATIONS ANY CERTIFICATES IN SUPPORT OF THEIR CLAIMS REGARDING AGE, EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS, SCHEDULED CASTES/SCHEDULED TRIBES/OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES AND PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED ETC.

The candidates applying for the Examination should ensure that they fulfill all the eligibility conditions for admission to the Examination. Their admission at all the stages of examination for which they are admitted by the Commission viz. Written Examination and Interview Test will be purely provisional, subject to their satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. If on verification at any time before or after the Written examination or Interview Test, it is found that they do not fulfill any of the eligibility conditions, their candidature for the Examination will be cancelled by the Commission.

Candidates are requested to keep ready the attested copies of the following documents for submission to the Commission soon after the declaration of the results of the written Examination which is likely to be declared in the month of December, 2006.
1. Certificate of Age.
2. Certificate of Educational Qualification.
3. Certificate in support of claim to belong to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Other Backward Classes, where applicable.
4. Certificate in support of claim for age/fee concession, where applicable.

Immediately after the declaration of the written results successful candidates will be sent a form by the Commission requiring additional information to be furnished. Attested copies of the above mentioned certificates will have to be sent to the Commission at that time. The originals will have to b produced at the time of interview. If any of their claims is found to be incorrect, they may render themselves liable to disciplinary action by the Commission in terms of Rule 11 of the Rules for Engineering Services Examination, 2006 notified in the Gazette of India extraordinary dated 14th January, 2006 and also reproduced below:-

A candidate who is or has been declared by the Commission to be guilty of:
(i) obtaining support for his candidature by any means; or
(ii) impersonating; or
(iii) procuring impersonation by any person; or
(iv) submitting fabricated documents or documents which have been tampered with; or
(v) making statements which are incorrect or false or suppressing material information; or
(vi) resorting to any other irregular or improper means in connection with his candidature for the examination; or
(vii) using unfair means during the examination; or
(viii) writing irrelevant matter including obscene language or pornographic matter in the script(s); or
(ix) misbehaving in any other manner in the examination hall; or
(x) harassing or doing bodily harm to the staff employed by the Commission for the conduct of their examinations; or
(xi) being in possession of or using any cellular/mobile phone/pager or any other electronic equipment or device or any other equipment capable of being used as a communication device during the examination.
(xii) violating any of the instructions issued to candidates along with their admission certificate permitting them to take the examination; or
(xiii) attempting to commit or as the case may be abetting the commission of all or any of the acts specified in the foregoing clauses, may in addition to rendering himself liable to criminal prosecution, be liable—

(a) to be disqualified by the Commission from the examination for which is a candidate; and/or

(b) to be debarred either permanently or for a specified period—
(i) by the Commission from any examination or selection held by them;
(ii) by the Central Government from any employment under them; and

(c) if he is already in service under Government to disciplinary action under the appropriate rules.
Provided that no penalty under this rule shall be imposed except after—
(i) giving the candidate an opportunity of making such representation in writing as he may wish to make in that behalf, and
(ii) taking the representation if any submitted by the candidate, within the period allowed to him into consideration.

 LAST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS:

(i) The completed application form must reach the Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, New Delhi-110069 on or before 13th February, 2006.

(ii) In respect of applications received only by post (by post/speed post) from the candidates residing in Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Lahaul and Spiti District and Pangi sub-division of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands or Lashadweep or aboard, the last date of receipt of applications is 20th February, 2006. The benefit of extended time, will be available only in respect of applications received by post/Speed post from the above mentioned areas/regions. In the case of applications received by hand or through courier service, benefit of extended time will not be available regardless of the place of residence of the applicant.
Candidates who are claiming the benefit of extended time should clearly indicate in Column 13 (II) of the application form, the area code of the particular area or region (e.g. Assam, Meghalaya, J&K etc.) where they are residing. In case they fail to do so, the benefit of extended time will not be allowed to them.

NOTE (I): Candidates should clearly note that the Commission will in no case be responsible for non-receipt of their application or any delay in receipt thereof on any account whatsoever. No application received after the prescribed last date will be entertained under any circumstances and all the late applications will be summarily rejected. They should, therefore, ensure that their applications reach the Commission’s Office on or before the prescribed last date.

NOTE (II): Candidates can also deliver their applications personally at the Commission’s counter against proper acknowledgement. The Commission will not be responsible for the applications delivered to any other functionary of the Commission.

NOTE (III): Applications received through Couriers or Courier Services of any type shall be treated as having been received "By hand" at the Commission’s Counter.

7. Acknowledgement of Applications.
Immediately on receipt of an application from a candidate, the Acknowledgement Card submitted by him alongwith the application form will be despatched to him by the Commission’s office duly stamped in token of receipt of his Application. If a candidate does not receive the Acknowledgement Card within 30 days, he should at once contact the Commission by quoting his Application Form No. (8-digit) and name & year of examination. Candidates delivering the application form in person at the Commission’s Counter will be issued Acknowledgement Card at the Counter itself. The mere fact that a candidate’s application has been acknowledged by the Commission does not mean that his candidature for the examination has been accepted by the Commission. Candidates will be informed at the earliest possible about their admission to the examination or rejection of their application.

8. Correspondence with Commission :
The Commission will not enter into any correspondence with the candidates about their candidature except in the following cases :

(i) Every candidate for this examination will be informed at the earliest possible date about the status of his application. Admission certificates, indicating the Roll Nos. will be issued to the candidates who are admitted to the examination. The admission certificate will bear the photograph of the candidate. If a candidate does not receive his admission certificate or any other communication regarding his candidature for the examination one month before the commencement of the examination, he should at once contact the Commission. On receipt of such a communication, Admission certificate or a duplicate copy thereto will be issued to the admitted candidate. Information in this regard can also be obtained from the Facilitation Counter located in the Commission’s Office either in person or over phone Nos. 011-23381125/23385271/23098543. In case no communication is received in the Commission’s office from the candidate regarding non-receipt of his admission certificate at least 3 weeks before the examination, he himself will be solely responsible for non-receipt of his admission certificate. It may be noted that the Admission Certificate will be issued at the address as photo-copied from the application form filled in by the candidate. The candidate should, therefore, ensure that the address given by him in the application form is correct and complete with pin code.
No candidate will ordinarily be allowed to take the examination unless he holds a certificate of admission for the examination. On receipt of Admission Certificate, check it carefully and bring discrepancies/errors, if any, to the notice of UPSC immediately.
The candidates should note that their admission to the examination will be purely provisional based on the information given by them in the application form. This will be subject to verification of all the eligibility conditions by the UPSC.

(ii) The mere fact that a certificate of admission to the Examination has been issued to a candidate will not imply that his candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission, or that the entries made by the candidate in his application for the Examination have been accepted by the Commission as true and correct. Candidates may note that the Commission takes up the verification of eligibility conditions of a candidate, with reference to original documents, only after the candidate has qualified for interview for personality test on the result of the written part of the examination. Unless candidature is formally confirmed by the Commission, it continues to the provisional.
The decision of the Commission as to the acceptance of the application of a candidate and his eligibility or other wise for admission to the Examination shall be final. Candidates should note that the name in the Admission Certificate, in some cases may be abbreviated due to technical reasons.

(iii) In the event of a candidate receiving more than one admission certificate from the Commission, he should use only one of these admission certificates for appearing in the examination and return the other(s) to the Commission’s Office.

(iv) A candidate must see that communication sent to him at the address stated in his application are redirected, if necessary Change in address should be communicated to the Commission at the earliest opportunity. Although the Commission make every effort to take account of such changes, they cannot accept any responsibility in the matter.

(v) If a candidate receives an admission certificate in respect of some other candidate on account of handling error, the same should be immediately returned to the Commission with a request to issue the correct AC. Candidates may note that they will not be allowed to take the examination on the strength of an admission certificate issued in respect of another candidate.

IMPORTANT: ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE COMMISSION SHOULD INVARIABLY CONTAIN THE FOLLOWING PARTICULARS:
1. NAME AND YEAR OF THE EXAMINATION.
2. APPLICATION FORM NO. (8 digits).
3. ROLL No. (IF RECEIVED).
4. NAME OF CANDIDATE IN FULL AND IN BLOCK LETTERS.
5. COMPLETE POSTAL ADDRESS AS GIVEN IN THE APPLICATION.
N.B. (i) COMMUNICATIONS NOT CONTAINING THE ABOVE PARTICULARS MAY NOT BE ATTENDED TO.
N.B. (ii) IF A LETTER/COMMUNICATION IS RECEIVED FROM A CANDIDATE AFTER AN EXAMINATION HAS BEEN HELD AND IT DOES NOT GIVE HIS FULL NAME AND ROLL NUMBER, IT WILL BE IGNORED AND NO ACTION WILL BE TAKEN THEREON.
9. Physical Requirements for the Disabled Candidates:-
For being considered against the vacancies reserved for them, the physically disabled persons should have disability of Forty per cent (40%) or more. However, such candidates shall be required to meet one or more of the following physical requirements/abilities which may be necessary for performing the duties in the concerned Services/Posts :

Code          Physical Requirements
F                 1.Work performed by manipulating (with Fingers)
PP               2. Work performed by pulling & pushing
L                 3. Work performed by lifting
KC              4. Work performed by kneeling and crouching
B                 5. Work performed by bending
S                  6. Work performed by sitting (on bench or chair)
ST                7. Work performed by standing
W                 8. Work performed by walking
SE                9. Work performed by seeing
H                10. Work performed by hearing/speaking
RW             11. Work performed by reading and writing.
The functional classification in their case shall be, one or more of the following, consistent with the requirements of the concerned Services/Posts :–

Functional Classification Code Functions
BL              1. both legs affected but not arms
BA              2. both arms affected 
                          a. impaired reach 
                          b. weakness of grip.
BLA              3. both legs and both arms affected.
OL              4. one leg affected (R or L) 
                          a. impaired reach 
                          b. weakness of grip c. ataxic
OA              5. one arm affected (R or L) - do -
BH              6. stiff back and hips (cannot sit or stoop).
MW            7. muscular weakness and limited physical endurance.
B                 8. the blind
PB               9. partially blind
D                10. the deaf
PD              11. partially deaf.

10. WITHDRAWAL OF APPLICATIONS:
NO REQUEST FOR WITHDRAWAL OF CANDIDATURE RECEIVED FROM A CANDIDATE AFTER HE HAS SUBMITTED HIS APPLICATION WILL BE ENTERTAINED UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES.

Courtesy: www.upsc.gov.in








Instructions:-

1. Candidates must use only the form supplied with the information Brochure purchased from any of the designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices.Form should be purchased from designated post offices only and not from any other agency. Candidates must use the form supplied with the Information Brochure only and they should in no case use photocopy/reproduction/unauthorisedly printed copy of the Form. The form will NOT be supplied by the Commission's office.

2. The application form must be filled in by the candidates in their own handwriting. Since this form will be processed on computerised machines, candidates should exercise due care in handling and filling up the application form. They should use HB pencil only to darken the circles. For writing in the boxes, they should use blue or black pen. Scince the entries made by the candidates by darkening the circles will be taken into account while processing the applications on computerised machines, they should make these entries very carefully and accurately. Entries in the boxes are meant for confirmatory purposes and these should also, therefore, be made correctly. There should be no variation between the entries made by the candidates by darkening the circles and those written in the accompanying boxes.

3. Candidates should ensure that the signatures appended by them in all the places viz. in their application form, Attendance List etc. and in all the correspondence with the Commission, should be identical and there should be no variation of any kind. If any variation is found in the signatures appended by him at different places, his candidature will be liable to be cancelled by the Commission.

4. No change in the entries made in original application form will be allowed under any circumstances.

5. The candidates are advised in their own interest to ensure that the applications reach the Commission's Office on or before the closing date. Applications received in the Commission's Office after the closing date will not be considered.
6. While filling in his application form, the candidate should carefully decide about his choice for the centre and engineering disciplines for the examination. More than one application from a candidate giving different centres and/or engineering disciplines will not be accepted in any case. Even if a candidate sends more than one completed application, the Commission will accept only one application at their discretion and the Commission's decision in the matter shall be final.

7. On the Acknowledgement Card, the candidates should write their application form No. (as printed below the bar code on the form) and the name of examination viz. "Engineering Service Examination, 2005". They should also write clearly and legibly their mailing address on the Acknowledgement Card. A postage stamp of Rs. 6/- should be affixed on the card. The Acknowledgement Card should not be stapled or pinned or tagged or pasted with the Application Form.

Eligibility Conditions (in brief)

(i)Age limits :
21-30 years as on 1.8.2005. (Upper age limit relaxable for SCs/Sts, OBCs and certain other categories as specified in Para 3(ii) of Notice).

(ii) Educational Qualifications : Degree in Engineering or equivalent. M.Sc Degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communication, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as a special subject also acceptable for certain posts. (See Para 3(iii) of Notice).

(iii) Fee : Rs. 100/- (Rupees one hundred only)
(No fee for SCs/STs/Physically Handicapped only).
(Ref. Para 4 of Notice).
Instructions to candidates for filling up the Application Form for the Engineering Service Examination, 2005. 




Side 1 of Application Form

Column 1 : Examination for which applying
Darken the circle against "ENGG", in the box pertaining to Name of examination, write ENGG starting from the first box on the left. Also write 2005 in the boxes meant for year of examination.
Candidates are advised to ensure that the name of examination viz. ENGG is correctly written by them in the box. Any error in this regard may result in rejection of their application form.
Column 2 : Fee
If you have paid the requisite fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees One hundred only), darken circle 1 and write 1 in the box; or
If you have not paid the fee and are claiming fee remission as SC, ST or Physically Handicapped, darken circle 2 and write 2 in the box.
N.B. : Fee is payable only in the form of Central Recruitment Fee Stamp, as per instructions against Column 12.
Column 3 : (I) Whether Physically Handicapped?
If you are not a physically handicapped person, darken circle 1 for No and write 1 in the box; or
If you are a physically handicapped person, darken circle 2 for yes and write 2 in the box.
(II) If yes, indicate category
Fill up this Column only if your answer to Column 3(I) is yes.
If you are Orthopaedically handicapped, darken circle 1 and write 1 in the box; or
If you are Blind, darken circle 2 and write 2 in the box; or
If you are Deaf-Mute, darken circle 3 and write 3 in the box.
Column 4 : Community
If you belong to SC, darken circle 1 and write 1 in the box; or
If you belong to ST, darken circle 2 and write 2 in the box; or
If you belong to OBC, darken circle 3 and write 3 in the box; or
If you belong to General Category (Others), darken circle 4 and write 4 in the box.
Note 1 : Candidates belonging to OBCs but coming in the Creamy Layer and thus not being entitled to OBC reservation should indicate their community as General Category (Others) Code No. 4".
Note 2 : Candidates belonging to neither SC, ST, nor OBC communities should write Code No. 4 (General Category) against the Column for Community and not leave it blank.
Note 3 : No change in the community status indicated by a candidate in his/her application form for the Examination will ordinarily be allowed by the Commission at a subsequent stage.
Column 5 : Sex
If you are Male, darken circle 1 and write 1 in the box; or
If you are Female, darken circle 2 and write 2 in the box;
Column 6 : Nationality
If you are an Indian national, darken circle 1 and write 1 in the box; or
If you are not an Indian national, darken circle 2 and write 2 in the box.
Column 7 : Name of the candidate
For filling up this column, first write in the boxes your full name (in English) in capital letters exactly as recorded in your Matriculation/High School/Secondary or equivalent examination certificate. Write a single letter in a box. Leave a box blank between any two parts of the name. Then darken the corresponding circle below each letter. Do not darken a circle below a blank box. Do not overshoot the boxes. Abbreviate name only if necessary. Do not use any prefix such as shri, Kum., Dr. etc with your name.
See sample filled up form in the information brochure for guidance.
Column 8 : Date of Birth
Darken the appropriate circles for the day, month and year of your birth as recorded in your Matriculation/High School/Secondary or equivalent examination certificate. Then write in the boxes using numerals 01 to 31 for day; numerals 01 to 12 for month and the last two digits for the year of birth.
See sample filled up form in the -information brochure for guidance.
Column 9 : Father's Name
Write your father's name (in English) in capital letters. Write a single letter in each box. Leave a box blank between any two parts of the name. Do not use any prefix such as Shri, Dr. etc.
Column 10 : Address
Write your complete mailing address including your name in English capital letters or Hindi within the box provided for the purpose. Also write the PIN Code therein. Write with blue or black ball pen only. Do not write outside the box. Please note that this address will be photocopied as such in all letters to be sent to you and therefore, it should be very clearly and legibly written.
If you make any mistake in writing the address, cover the whole box with an exact sized white paper slip and rewrite your address on that.
Column 11 : Photograph
Paste firmly in the space provided your recent photograph of 4 cm. x 5 cm. size (preferably in black & white). Do not staple the photograph. Photograph should neither be signed by you nor it should be got attested.
Column 12 : Space for CRF Stamp
Fee to be paid for the Engineering Service Examination is Rs. 100/- (Rupees One hundred only). SC/ST and Physically Handicapped candidates are not required to pay any fee. No fee exemption is however available to OBC candidates and they are required to pay the full prescribed full fee.
Fee is payable only through Central Recruitment Fee Stamp (Not postage stamps). No other mode of payment is acceptable. Obtain only one single CRF Stamp of Rs. 100/- denomination from the post office and paste it firmly within the box. After pasting the CRF Stamp on the form, get it cancelled from the post office of purchase in the space provided. Do not staple the CRF Stamp.

Side 2 of Application Form
Column 13 : (I) Are you residing in a remote area or abroad
If you are residing in a remote area specified in Para 6 of the Notice of the Examination or abroad, darken circle 1 against Yes and write 1 in the box; or
If you are not residing in a specified remote area/abroad, darken circle 2 against No and write 2 in the box.
N.B. : Candidates residing in a remote area specified in the Notice of the Examination or abroad are entitled to one week's additional time for submission of application form.
(II) If yes, indicate area code :
Darken the appropriate circles for the area code as given below and then write the same code in the boxes.

AREA CODE REMOTE AREAS AND ABROAD

Area
code
Area
Code
Assam
01
Jammu & Kashmir
09
Meghalaya
02
Lahaul and Spiti District and Pangi Sub Division of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh
10
Arunachal Pradesh
03
Mizoram
04
Manipur
05
Nagaland
06
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
11
Tripura
07
Lakshadweep
12
Sikkim
08
Abroad
13
Column 14 : Examination Centre Code
Choose the Examination Centre from the list given below where you wish to appear and see its code. Darken the appropriate circles and then write the same code in the boxes. Do not indicate more than one centre.
List of centres of Examination
Centre
Code
Centre
Code
Centre
Code
Agartala
45
Gangtok
42
Panaji ( Goa )
36
Ahmedabad
01
Hyderabad
10
Patna
15
Aizawl
47
Imphal
44
Port Blair
37
Aligarh
21
Itanagar
48
Raipur
49
Allahabad
02
Jaipur
11
Ranchi
41
Bangalore
03
Jammu
34
Sambalpur
53
Bareilly
54
Jorhat
46
Shillong
16
Bhopal
04
Kochi
24
Shimla
17
Chandigarh
35
Kohima
43
Srinagar
18
Chennai
12
Kolkata
06
Thiruvananthapuram
19
Cuttack
07
Lucknow
26
Tirupati
50
Dehradun
14
Madurai
40
Udaipur
52
Delhi
08
Mumbai
05
Vishakhapatnam
51
Dharwar
39
Nagpur
13
Dispur (Guwahati)
09
Column 15 : Educational Qualification Code
Codes prescribed for educational qualification are as follows :

Code    Educational qualification
01         If you have already passed the requisite qualifying Examination;
02         If you have appeared/appearing at the requisite qualifying Examination;
Choose the correct code applicable in your case and darken the appropriate circles. Write the same code in the boxes.
Column 16 : (I) Whether claiming age relaxation
If you are claiming age relaxation, darken circle 1 for Yes and write 1 in the box; or
If you are not claiming age relaxation, darken circle 2 for No and write 2 in the box.
(II) If Yes, indicate category code
Fill up this Column only if your response to Column 16(I) is Yes.
Darken the appropriate circles for category code given below and then write the same code in the boxes.
Category - Codes for Claiming Age Relaxation
(Refer Para 3(ii) (b)&(c) of Commission's Notice published in the Employment News/Rozgar Samachar as amended)
Columns 17 to 20 :
Candidates applying for the Engineering Service Examination are not required to fill any of these columns. They should therefore, leave these columns blank.
Columns 21 : Engineering Services Examination
Darken circle against the branch of Engineering (i.e. Civil, Mechanical, Electrical or Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering) for which you wish to compete at the examination (only one Branch of Engineering to be specified) and write the appropriate code in the box.
Columns 22 :
Candidates appearing for the Engineering Services Examination are not required to fill this column. They should, therefore, leave this Column blank.
Column 23 : Declaration
The candidate must read the declaration carefully before signing. In Sub-para (i), the candidates must fill up the Examination Notice number viz. 05/2005 and date of publication of Notice in Employment News/Rozgar Samachar viz., 22.01.2005 in the spaces provided before the asterisk marks.
Column 24 : Signature of candidate
Make your usual signature in blue or black ball pen within the box provided. Your signature must not overflow or touch the border of the box provided. Do not merely write your name in capital letters in place of signature. Unsigned applications will be rejected.
Also write the place and date of signing the form in the spaces provided for the purpose.



Verify the following before mailing the application
1. That you have used the application form purchased from the designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices only.
2. That you have filled in all the relevant columns of the application form by blackening the appropriate circles and also writing the corresponding code(s) in boxes. It may be carefully checked that there is no variation between the entries made by you by darkening the circles and those written in the accompanying boxes.
3. That you have affixed your recent photograph preferable in Black and White (unsigned and unattested) in column 11 of the application form.
4. That in case you are required to pay fee, you have affixed a Central Recruitment Fee Stamp of Rs. 100/- denomination in column 12 of the application form and have got it cancelled from the Post Office.
5. That you have signed in column 24 of the application form.
6. That only one application form and one acknowledgement card is being mailed in the envelope supplied to you with the Brochure and no other enclosure is attached therewith.
7. That you have written the name of examination viz., "Engineering Service Examination, 2005" on the envelope meant for despatch of application form and acknowledgement card.












Syllabus:-
(For both objective and conventional type papers) 

1. BUILDING MATERIALS 

Timber : Different types and species of structural timber, density-moisture relationship, strength in different directions, defects, influence of defects on permissible stress, preservation, dry and wet rots, codal provisions for design, Plywood. 

Bricks : Types, Indian Standard classification, absorption, saturation factor, strength in masonry, influence of morter strength on masonry strength. 

Cement : Compounds of, different types, setting times, strength. 

Cement Mortar : Ingredients, proportions, water demand, mortars for plastering and masonry. 

Concrete : Importance of W/C Ratio, Strength, ingredients including admixtures, workability, testing for strength, elasticity, non-destructive testing, mix design methods. 

2. SOLID MECHANICS 

Elastic constants, stress, plane stress, Mohr’s circle of stress, strains, plane strain, Mohr’s circle of strain, combined stress; Elastic theories of failure; Simple bending, shear; Torsion of circular and rectangular sections and simple members. 

3. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 

Analysis of determinate structures - different methods including graphical methods. 

Analysis of indeterminate skeletal frames - moment distribution, slope-deflection, stiffness and force methods, energy methods, Muller-Breslau principle and application. 

Plastic analysis of indeterminate beams and simple frames - shape factors. 

4. DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES 

Principles of working stress method. Design of connections, simple members, Built-up sections and frames, Design of Industrial roofs. Principles of ultimate load design. Design of simple members and frames. 

5. DESIGN OF CONCRETE AND MASONRY STRUCTURES 
Limit state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces. Codal provisions for slabs, beams, walls and footings. Working stress method of design of R.C. members. 

Principles of prestressed concrete design, materials, methods of prestressing, losses. Design of simple members and determinate structures. Introductions to prestressing of indeterminate structures. 

Design of brick masonry as per I.S. Codes. 

6. CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE, PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT 

Concreting Equipment: 
Weight Batcher, Mixer, vibrator, batching plant, concrete pump. 
Cranes, hoists, lifting equipment. 

Earthwork Equipment : 
Power shovel, hoe, dozer, dumper, trailers and tractor, rollers, sheep foot rollers, pumps. 

Construction, Planning and Management : 
Bar chart, linked bar chart, work-break down structures, Activity - on - arrow diagrams. Critical path, probabilistic activity durations; Event-based networks. 

PERT network: Time-cost study, crashing; Resource allocation. 

CIVIL ENGINEERING PAPER-II 
(For both objective and conventional type papers) 

1. (a) FLUID MECHANICS, OPEN CHANNEL FLOW, PIPE FLOW: 
Fluid Properties, Pressure, Thrust, Buoyancy; Flow Kinematics; Integration of flow equations; Flow measurement; Relative motion; Moment of momentum; Viscosity, Boundary layer and Control, Drag, Lift; dimensional Analysis, Modelling; Cavitation; Flow oscillations; Momentum and Energy principles in Open channel flow, Flow controls, Hydraulic jump, Flow sections and properties; Normal flow, Gradually varied flow; Surges; Flow development and losses in pipe flows, Measurements; Siphons; Surges and Water hammer; Delivery of Power Pipe networks. 

(b) HYDRAULIC MACHINES AND HYDROPOWER: 
Centrifugal pumps, types, performance parameters, scaling, pumps in parallel; Reciprocating pumps, air vessels, performance parameters; Hydraulic ram; Hydraulic turbines, types, performance parameters, controls, choice; Power house, classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of supply. 

2. (a) HYDROLOGY : 
Hydrological cycle, precipitation and related data analyses, PMP, unit and synthetic hydrographs; Evaporation and transpiration; Floods and their management, PMF; Streams and their gauging; River morphology; Routing of floods; Capacity of Reservoirs. 

(b) WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING : 
Water resources of the globe: Multipurpose uses of Water: Soil-Plant-Water relationships, irrigation systems, water demand assessment; Storages and their yields, ground water yield and well hydraulics; Waterlogging, drainage design; Irrigation revenue; Design of rigid boundary canals, Lacey’s and Tractive force concepts in canal design, lining of canals; Sediment transport in canals; Non-Overflow and overflow sections of gravity dams and their design, Energy dissipators and tailwater rating; Design of headworks, distribution works, falls, cross-drainage works, outlets; River training. 

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING 

3. (a) WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING : 
Sources of supply, yields, design of intakes and conductors; Estimation of demand; Water quality standards; Control of Water-borne diseases; Primary and secondary treatment, detailing and maintenance of treatment units; Conveyance and distribution systems of treated water, leakages and control; Rural water supply; Institutional and industrial water supply. 

(b) WASTE WATER ENGINEERING: 
Urban rain water disposal; Systems of sewage collection and disposal; Design of sewers and sewerage systems; pumping; Characteristics of sewage and its treatment, Disposal of products of sewage treatment, streamflow rejuvenation Institutional and industrial sewage management; Plumbing Systems; Rural and semi-urban sanitation. 

(c) SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 
Sources, classification, collection and disposal; Design and Management of landfills. 

(d) AIR AND NOISE POLLUTION AND ECOLOGY: 
Sources and effects of air pollution, monitoring of air pollution; Noise pollution and standards; Ecological chain and balance, Environmental assessment. 

4 (a) SOIL MECHANICS: 
Properties of soils, classification and interrelationship; Compaction behaviour, methods of compaction and their choice; Permeability and seepage, flow nets, Inverted filters; Compressibility and consolidation; Shearing resistance, stresses and failure; soil testing in laboratory and in-situ; Stress path and applications; Earth pressure theories, stress distribution in soil; soil exploration, samplers, load tests, penetration tests. 

(b) FOUNDATION ENGINEERING : 
Types of foundations, Selection criteria, bearing capacity, settlement, laboratory and field tests; Types of piles and their design and layout, Foundations on expansive soils, swelling and its prevention, foundation on swelling soils. 

5. (a) SURVEYING : 
Classification of surveys, scales, accuracy; Measurement of distances - direct and indirect methods; optical and electronic devices; Measurement of directions, prismatic compass, local attraction; Theodolites - types; Measurement of elevations - Spirit and trigonometric levelling; Relief representation; Contours; Digital elevation modelling concept; Establishment of control by triangulations and traversing - measurements and adjustment of observations, computation of coordinates; Field astronomy, Concept of global positioning system; Map preparation by plane tabling and by photogrammetry; Remote sensing concepts, map substitutes. 

(b) TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING : 
Planning of highway systems, alignment and geometric design, horizontal and vertical curves, grade separation; Materials and construction methods for different surfaces and maintenance: Principles of pavement design; Drainage. 

Traffic surveys, Intersections, signalling: Mass transit systems, accessibility, networking. 
Tunnelling, alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage, lighting and ventilation, traffic control, emergency management. 

Planning of railway systems, terminology and designs, relating to gauge, track, controls, transits, rolling stock, tractive power and track modernisation; Maintenance; Appurtenant works; Containerisation. 
Harbours - layouts, shipping lanes, anchoring, location identification; Littoral transport with erosion and deposition; sounding methods; Dry and Wet docks, components and operational Tidal data and analyses. 
Airports - layout and orientation; Runway and taxiway design and drainage management; Zoning laws; Visual aids and air traffic control; Helipads, hangers, service equipment.  





Books:
SUBJECT
AUTHOR
Strength of Materials
Gere and Temoshenko
B C Punamia
Structural Analysis
Negi
S Ramamurtham
C K Vang
Concrete Structures
Punamia & Jain
H J Shah
Steel Structures
Duggal
Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engg.
Ranjan & Rao
Venkat Ramaiha
S K Garg
Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics
Modi & Seth
R K Bansal
Subramanyam
Hydrology
Subramanyam
Irrigation
S K Garg
Highway Engg.
Khanna & Jasto
Kadiyali















Indian Administrative Service (IAS) :-

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Indianisation of the superior Civil Services became one of the major demands of the political movement compelling the British Indian Government to consider setting up of a Public Service Commission for recruitment to its services in the territory. The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1st, 1926. However, its limited advisory functions failed to satisfy the people’s aspirations and the continued stress on this aspect by the leaders of our freedom movement resulted in the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act 1935. Under this Act, for the first time, provision was also made for the formation of Public Service Commissions at the provincial level.
 The Constituent Assembly, after independence, saw the need for giving a secure and autonomous status to Public Service Commissions both at Federal and Provincial levels for ensuring unbiased recruitment to Civil Services as also for protection of service interests. With the promulgation of the new Constitution for independent India on 26th January, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title – Union Public Service Commission Constitutional Provisions

The Union Public Service Commission has been established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The Commission consists of a Chairman and nine Members.

The terms and conditions of service of Chairman and Members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969.

The Commission is serviced by a Secretariat headed by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, a number of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other supporting staff.

The Union Public Service Commission have been entrusted with the following duties and role under the Constitution:

Recruitment to services & posts under the Union through conduct of competitive examinations;

Recruitment to services & posts under the Central Government by Selection through Interviews;

Advising on the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-on-deputation;

Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts;

Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services; and

Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc.

The major role played by the Commission is to select persons to man the various Central Civil Services and Posts and the Services common to the Union and States (viz. All-India Services).

RECRUITMENT TO VARIOUS SERVICES AND POSTS

To Duties & Role of the Commission

Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission are, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts.

RECRUITMENT is made by one of the following three methods:

Direct Recruitment;

Promotion

Transfer
DIRECT RECRUITMENT is conducted broadly under the following two methods:


Recruitment by competitive examination.

Recruitment by selection through interview.

RECRUITMENT BY COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION

Under the Constitution one of the functions of the Commission is to conduct examinations for appointment to Civil Services/Posts of the Union. In addition, competitive examinations are also held by the Commission under arrangements with the Ministry of Defence for entry to certain Defence Services, through the National Defence Academy, Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and the Officers Training Academy.

The Commission usually conducts over a dozen examinations every year on an all India basis. These include Examinations for recruitment to services/posts in various fields, such as Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.

For an overview of examinations regularly held by the Commission. See "Overview of Examination" under this Chapter.

At present the Union Public Service Commission conduct their examinations at numerous venues spread over 42 regular centers throughout the country.

RECRUITMENT BY SELECTION

Recruitment by Selection is made by the following methods:


By Interview Only

By Recruitment Test Followed By Interview

BY INTERVIEW ONLY
Where the number of applicants is very large, it is not practicable to call for Interview all the applicants who fulfill the minimum eligibility conditions prescribed. The Commission, therefore, shortlist the candidates to be called for the interview on the basis of certain pre-determined criteria related to the job. A large number of recruitment cases is handled by the Commission by the method (1) above.

BY WRITTEN TEST FOLLOWED BY INTERVIEW

In this category, there are two types of procedure followed:

An objective-type written and/or practical test to test the skill of the candidates followed by Interview, the final selection being decided by Interview, aided by the performance of the candidates in the written test and/or practical test.

An objective-type written and/or practical test to screen candidates to be called for interview, the final selection being decided by Interview only.

Appointment By Promotion And Transfer On Deputation/Transfer

In accordance with the procedure decided by the Government, in consultation with the Commission, Chairman or a Member of the Commission presides over the Departmental Promotion Committee Meetings to consider promotions from Group B to Group A and from one grade to another within group A, where promotion is to be made by Selection.

Deputation

The Recruitment Rules for a number of posts provide for appointment by Transfer on Deputation (including short term contract) and Transfer. When the field of consideration consists of Central Government as well as State Government officers, prior consultation with the Commission is necessary for selection of an officer. When the file for consideration is made more broad-based and consists of not only Central/State Government officers but also officers from Non-Government Institutions, the selection has to be made in consultation with the Union Public Service Commission.

All India Services

The All India Services Act, 1951 and Rules and Regulations framed thereunder regulate the recruitment and conditions of service in respect of the All India Services viz. Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service.

As far as direct recruitment to the Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service Examination are concerned, it is done through the Civil Services Examination and for the Indian Forest Service through the Indian Forest Service Examination held by the Commission.

The relevant Rules and Regulations provide that 33% of the vacancies in the IAS/IPS/IFS should be filled by promotion from amongst the officers of the State Service in consultation with the Commission. The Selection Committee presided over by Chairman/Member of the Commission consists of senior Government representatives of the Central Government and the State.

Mechanisation - Project Sampera

The Commission have recently undertaken a project called "SAMPERA" (Screening and Mechanised Processing of Examination and Recruitment Applications). A simplified single sheet common application form for all the examinations has been devised which will be scanned by using OMR/ICR technology. The implementation of this project will mainly help in high speed scanning of data from forms eliminating manual entry. Other benefits will be accurate and faster generation of Admit Cards, Attendance lists with photo replica and signature facsimile of each candidate, and Error-free list of doubtful cases. The main aim of this project is to cope with the increasing volume of applications through innovations and mechanised handling so as to reduce the processing time and send communications faster to minimised errors. The cases of impersonation/malpractices will also be eliminated and wasteful expenditure will be reduced.


RECRUITMENT RULES

In accordance with the provisions contained in Article 320 of the Constitution read with the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B" posts in various Ministries/Departments of Government of India are required to be framed in Consultation with the Commission. Consultation with the Commission is also necessary for framing/amending Recruitment Rules for certain categories of posts under the Employees State Insurance Corporation, The Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Council, Employees Provident Fund Organisation etc. under the relevant Acts made by Parliament in pursuance of the provisions of Article 321.

All proposals for framing/amending Recruitment Rules are examined keeping in view the cadre structure of the organisation and the circulars issued by the Govt. from time to time. After approval, the Commissions’ advice in the matter is communicated to the Ministry/Department concerned. More than 14000 Recruitment Rules have been framed/amended so far.

DISCIPLINARY MATTERS


To Duties & Role of the Commission

Under Article 320(3) of the Constitution the Commission are required to be consulted on the quantum of penalties in disciplinary cases affecting a person serving under the Government of India in a Civil Capacity.

EXTENSION OF FUNCTIONS TO LOCAL BODIES ETC

Article 321 also empowers the Parliament to extend the functions of the Public Service Commission to any local authority or other body corporate constituted by Law or by any public institutions.



EXEMPTIONS

In order to exempt some posts which for reasons of National Security or some other reasons may not be required to be referred to the Commission for their advice, the Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultations) Regulations were issued on September 1, 1958, under Article 320(3)(a) and (b) of the Constitution. These Regulations are amended or revised as and when the need arises.

RECRUITMENT & CONDITIONS OF SERVICE ETC


The Provisions as contained in Article 309 & Article 311 of the Constitution are also required to be read in conjunction with the provisions as contained in Article 320 of the Constitution.

Binding nature of the advice of the Commission.

A convention has been established by the Government of India, that in the following classes of the cases referred to the Commission, the recommendations made by them shall be accepted, save in exceptional circumstances. Quasi-judicial cases.

Selection for appointments of candidates. Appointment of a candidate on a higher initial pay than that of a minimum pay of the posts. Claims of expenditure incurred by the Government servants in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of his duty.

ANNUAL REPORTS

The Commission have a duty, under Article 323 of the Constitution to present annually to the President a Report as to the work done by the Commission and on receipt of such report, the president shall cause a copy there of together with the Memorandum explaining, as respect the cases, if any, where the advice of the Commission was not accepted, the reasons for such non-acceptance to be laid before each House of the Parliament. Back to General Information. 
Eligibility Conditions:

(i) Nationality:
(1) For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
(2) For other services, a candidate must be either:
(a) A citizen of India, or
(b) a subject of Nepal, or
(c) a subject of Bhutan, or
(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or
(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Srilanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.
Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.
A candidate, in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him by the Government of India.

(ii) Minimum Educational Qualifications:
The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.

Note I: Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified for the Commission's examination but have not been informed of the results as also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination. All candidates who are declared qualified by the Commission for taking the Civil Services (Main) Examination will be required to produce proof of passing the requisite examination with their application for the Main Examination failing which such candidates will not be admitted to the Main Examination.

Note II: In exceptional cases the Union Public Service Commission may treat a candidate who has not any of the foregoing qualifications as a qualified candidate provided that he has passed examination conducted by the other Institutions, the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission justifies his admission to the examination.

Note III: Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications, which are recognised by Government, as equivalent to professional and technical degree would also be eligible for admission to the examination.

Note IV: Candidates who have passed the final professional M.B.B.S. or any other Medical Examination but have not completed their internship by the time of submission of their applications for the Civil Services (Main) Examination, will be provisionally admitted to the Examination provided they submit along with their application a copy of certificate from the concerned authority of the University/Institution that they had passed the requisite final professional medical examination. In such cases, the candidates will be required to produce at the time of their interview original Degree or a certificate from the concerned competent authority of the University/Institution that they had completed all requirements (including completion of internship) for the award of the Degree.

(iii) Age limit: 21 years must be completed on 1st August of the year, which a candidate is appearing. Maximum 30 for general category, 33 for OBCs and 35 for SCs/STs. Ex-servicemen will get 5 more years exemption from the prescribed age limit.

(The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate).

(iv) Number of Attempts: Four attempts for open, seven for OBCs and no limit for SCs/STs. If a person appears in the Preliminary Examination or even one paper is counted as an attempt.

(v) Restrictions on applying for the examination:
A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.




















Scheme of Examination:

The Civil Services Examination is conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) every year.
The examination has three stages i.e.,
(1) Civil Services Preliminary Examinations (CSP) - normally conducted during the second half of May.
(2) Civil Services (Main) Examinations conducted during the month of October/November. Here, those who are selected in the preliminary examination only are eligible to appear.
(3) Those who are selected in the main examination will be eligible to appear before the Interview Board at New Delhi.

Preliminary Examination (CSP)
CSP consists of two papers i.e., (1) optional subject to be selected from the listed subject for 300 marks. (2) General studies for 150 marks. Total of 450 marks. Each paper is of two hours duration. The course content of the syllabi for the optional subjects is at the degree level. Normally, there are about 3 lakh applications for the preliminary examination. From this, the UPSC selects 10 to 12 folds of vacancies for the main examinations. This is only for the selection and not to be taken into consideration in the main ranking.Subjects for Preliminary Examination: The General Studies syllabus is same for all.
Subjects for Paper II (one subject to be selected): Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, Indian History, Law, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Statistics, Zoology.
(The question papers are in Hindi and English and each paper is of two hours duration. The course content of the syllabi is of degree level. Each paper is of two hours duration. Blind candidates are allowed an extra time of 20 minutes for each paper.)

Main Examination 
Only those who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in a year, are eligible for the Main examination of that year, provided they are otherwise eligible for the Main Examination.

Civil Services Main examination has two optional subjects (two papers each carries 300 marks), one General Studies (two papers each carries 300 marks), one essay (carries 200 marks) - total 2000 marks. Other than this, there are two language papers one in Indian language and one in General English at the level of 10th standard. This is to test the ability of the candidate's proficiency in his mother tongue / Indian language and English. Total nine papers. These two papers carry 300 marks each but it will not be considered for the ranking. It is must to clear these two papers. If a candidate fails to clear these papers, his other papers will not be evaluated.

The Main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and the depth of understanding of the candidates, rather than merely the range of their information and memory. Sufficient choice of questions is allowed in the question papers.

Optional Subjects for the Main Examination:
Optional subjects: Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce and Accountancy, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, History, Law, Management, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science and International Relations, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Statistics, Zoology. Each paper is of 3 hours duration.

Literatures:
Arabic, Assamese, Bengali, Chinese, English, French, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Marathi, Malayalam, Manipuri, Nepali, Oriya, Pali, Persian, Punjabi, Russian, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
The following combinations not allowed are:
Political Science & International Relations and Public Administration
Commerce and Management
Anthropology and Sociology
Maths and Statistics
Agriculture and Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Management and Public Administration
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science and Medical Science
Any two branches of engineering.
Combination of two literatures in the above list.

Interview:
At interview stage, two-fold vacancies are called to appear before the UPSC Board. Interview carries 300 marks. Interview calls are sent on the basis of minimum marks fixed by the UPSC at its discretion. The overall ranking is done based on the Mains performance (i.e., 2000 marks) and interview. Therefore, the total marks involved in the ranking are 2300. Candidates are allotted various services keeping in view their ranks in the examination and preferences given by them in their main application form.

Important: If a person fails in either in mains or interview, he has to appear once again from the preliminary stage. 
















Sample of notification bulletin:

1. CANDIDATES TO ENSURE THEIR ELIGIBILITY FOR THE EXAMINATION:

The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility condition for admission to examination. Their admission at all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions
Mere issue of admission certificate to the candidate will not imply that his candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission.

Commission take up verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents only after the candidate has qualified for interview/Personality Test.

2. APPLICATION FORM :

Candidates must apply in the Common Application Form devised by the Commission for its examination, which can be purchased from the Designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices (specified in Appendix III of the notice) throughout the country against cash payment of Rs. 20/- (Rupees Twenty only). Each such form can be used only once and only for one examination.

In case of any difficulty in obtaining Application Forms from the designated HPOs/POs, the candidates should immediately contact the concerned post Master or UPSC's "FORMS SUPPLY MONITORING CELL" over Telephone No. 011-23389366/FAX No. 011-23387310.

Candidates are advised to read carefully the "Instructions for filling up the Application Form" given in Appendix-II of this notice.

3. LAST DATE FOR RECEIPT OF APPLICATIONS :

All applications must reach the "Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi - 110069" either by hand or by Post/Speed Post or by Courier, on or before the 15th January, 2007.

However, in respect of candidates residing abroad or in certain remote localities specified in para 6 of this Notice the last date for receipt of application by Post/Speed Post only (not by Hand or by Courier) is 22nd January, 2007.

4. Penalty for wrong answer (In objective type paper).

Candidates should note that there will be penalty (Negative Marking) answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Question Papers.

5. FACILITATION COUNTER FOR GUIDANCE OF CANDIDATES :

In case of any guidance/information/clarification regarding their applications, candidature etc. candidates can contact UPSC's Facilitation Counter near gate 'C' of its campus in person or over Telephone No. 011-23385271/011-23381125/011-23098543 on working days between 10.00 hrs and 17.00 hrs.

6. MOBILE PHONES BANNED :

(a) Mobile phones, pagers or any other communication devices are not allowed inside the premises where the examination is being conducted. Any infringement of these instructions shall entail disciplinary action including ban from future examinations.

(b) Candidates are advised in their own interest not be bring any of the banned items including mobile phones/pagers to the venue of the examination, as arrangement for safekeeping cannot be assured.


F.1/10/2006-E.I.(B): Preliminary Examination of the Civil Services Examination for recruitment to the Services and posts mentioned below will be held by the Union Public Service Commission on the 20th May , 2007 in accordance with the Rules published by the Department of Personnel & Training in the Gazette in India Extraordinary dated the 16th December, 2006.

Services/posts to which recruitment is to be made through the Examination are :

(i) Indian Administrative Service.

(ii) Indian Foreign Service.

(iii) Indian Police Service.

(iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.

(v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) Group 'A'

(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(viii) Indian Revenue Service, Group ‘A’.

(ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group 'A' (Assistant Works Manager, Non-technical)

(x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.

(xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.

(xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.

(xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.

(xv) Post of Assistant Security Officer, Group 'A' in Railway Protection Force.

(xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.

(xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.

(xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group "A" (Grade-III)

(xix) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade)

(xx) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.

(xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.

The number of vacancies to be filled on the results of the examination is expected to be approximately 455. The number of vacancies is liable to alteration.

Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Physically disabled categories in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.

Note : Services identified suitable for physically disabled category and number of vacancies reserved there against is as under :-

Sl. No. Name of the Service Category(s) for which identified *Functional Classification *Physical requirements No. of Reserved Vacancy

1. Indian Administrative Service (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Hearing impairment and (iii)Visual impairment (i) BA, OL, OA, BH, MW (i) S, ST, W, SE, H, RW Not yet finalised (ii) PD (ii) F, PP, L, KC, B, ST, W, H, RW (iii) PB (iii) F, PP, L, KC, B, S, ST, W, SE, RW

2 Indian Foreign Service Hearing Impairment PD RW Nil

3 Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Central Excise, Gr.`A’) (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Hearing impairment OL, OA, PD F, S, ST, W, SE, H, RW 2 (Category-wise distribution of vacancies not yet finalised.

4. Indian P&T Accounts & Finance Service, Gr.`A’ Locomotor Disability or hearing impairment D, PD, BL, OA, OL, BH S, B, SE, RW Nil

5 Indian Audit & Accounts Service, Gr.`A’ Locomotor Disability OL, OA RW 1

6 Indian Defence Accounts Service, Gr. ‘A’ Locomotor Disability OL, OA RW 1

7 Indian Revenue Service (IT), Gr. `A’ (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Hearing impairment (i) OL, OA, BH (i) SE, H, RW 4 (Three in the category of locomotor disability and one in the category of hearing impairment) (ii) PD (ii) S, SE, RW

8 Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Gr.`A’ (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Hearing impairment OL, OA, PD S, H, W Nil

9 @Indian Postal Service, Gr. ‘A’ Visual impairment _______ _______ Nil 10 Indian Civil Accounts Service, Gr. ‘A’ Locomotor disability _______ _______ 1 11 Indian Railway Accounts Service, Gr. ‘A’ (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Hearing impairment (i) OL, BL, OA, BH (i) SE, RW 1 (In the category of locomotor disability) (ii) PD, D (ii) SE, RW 12 Indian Railway Personnel Service, Gr. ‘A’ (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Visual impairment (i) OL, BL, OA (i) H, RW Nil (ii) PB, B (ii) H, RW

13. Indian Defence Estates Service Gr,’A’ Locomotor disability OL, OA, MW F, S, ST, W, SE, H, RW Nil

14. Indian Information Service, Gr.`A’ Locomotor Disability or hearing impairment OL, OA, PD S, SE, RW, H 1 (In the category of hearing impairment)

15. @Indian Trade Service Gr.’A’ (Gr.III) Locomotor Disability _______ _______ Nil

16. Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Gr.`B’ (Section Officers’ Grade) (i) Locomotor Disability and (ii)Hearing impairment (i) BL, OL, OA (i) S, SE, RW Nil (ii) PD (ii) S, SE, RW

17. Delhi , Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep , Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Gr.’B’ (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Hearing impairment and (iii)Visual impairment (i) BA, OL, OA, BH, MW (i) S, ST, W, SE, H, RW 1 (In the category of locomotor disability) (ii) PD (ii) F, PP, L, KC, B, ST, W, H, RW (iii) PB (iii) F, PP, L, KC, B, S, ST, W, SE, RW

18. Delhi , Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep , Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Gr.’B’ Locomotor Disability BA, OL, OA, BH, MW F, S, ST, W, SE, H, RW 1

19. Pandicherry Civil Service Gr.’B’ (i)Locomotor disability, (ii)Hearing impairment (i) OL, OA, PD F, S, ST, W, SE, H, RW Nil

* For details about functional classification and physical requirements para 9 of this notice may please be referred. @ Functional classification and physical requirements are under finalisation. Above information is tentative.

2. (A) Centre of Examination : The examination will be held at the following centres :

Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizawl, Aligarh, Allahabad, Aurangabad, Bangalore, Bareilly, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cuttack, Dehradun, Delhi, Dharwar, Dispur, Gangtok, Hyderabad, Imphal, Itanagar, Jaipur, Jammu, Jodhpur, Jorhat, Kochi , Kohima, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Panaji (Goa), Patna, Pondicherry, Port blair, Raipur, Ranchi, Sambalpur, Shillong, Shimla, Sringar, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati, Udaipur and Vishakhapatnam

The centres and the dates of holding the examination as mentioned above are liable to be changed at the discretion of the commission. While every effort will be made to allot the candidates to the centre of their choice for examination, the commission may, at their discretion allot a different centre to a candidate, when circumstances so warrant. blind candidates will, However, be required to take the Examination at the any one of six centres, viz. Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow and Mumbai only. Candidates admitted to the Examination will be informed of the time table and place or places of examination.

The candidates should note that no request for change of centre will normally be granted. However when a candidate desires a change in centre from the one he had indicated in his Application Form for the Examination, he must send a letter addressed to the Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, giving full justification as to why he desires a change in centre. Such requests will be considered on merits but requests received in the Commission’s Office after 1st February, 2006 will not be entertained under any circumstances nor will such communications be replied to.

B. Plan of Examination :

The Civil Services Examination will consist of two successive stages (vide Appendix I Section I below).

(i) Civil Services Preliminary Examination (Objective type for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and

(ii) Civil Services Main Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts noted above.

Applications are now invited for the Preliminary Examination only. Candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission to the Main Examination will have to apply again in the detailed application form which would be supplied to them. The Main Examination is likely to be held in October/November, 2006.

 










Eligibility Conditions :

Nationality

Age Limits

Minimum Educational Qualifications

Number of attempts

Restrictions on applying for the examination

Physical Standards



(i) Nationality

(1) For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.

(2) For other services, a candidate must be either :—

(a) A citizen of India, or

(b) a subject of Nepal, or

(c) a subject of Bhutan, or

(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or (e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Srilanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India. Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India. Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service. A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him by the Government of India.

(ii) Age Limits :

(a) A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on 1st August, 2006, i.e. he must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1976 and not later than 1st August, 1985.

(b) The upper age limit prescribed above will be relaxable:

(i) upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.

(ii) upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

(iii) upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989.

(iv) upto a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof:

(v) upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2006 and have been released (i) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2006) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (ii) on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or (iii) on invalidment.

(vi) upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2006 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three month's notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.

(vii) upto a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons.

NOTE I-Candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under any other clauses of para 3(ii) (b) above, viz. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen, persons domiciled in the State of J & K, blind, deaf-mute and orthopadically handicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.

NOTE II-The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.

Note III-The age concession under para 3(ii) (b) (v) and (vi) will not be admissible to Ex-Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are released on own reguest.

NOTE IV- Notwithstanding the provision of age-relaxation under para 3(ii) (b) (vii) above, a physically disabled candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/she (after such physical examination as the Government or appointing authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/posts to be allocated to the physically disabled candidates by the Government.

Save as provided above the age limits prescribed can in no case be relaxed.

The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate.

These certificates are required to be submitted only at the time of applying for the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted.

The expression Matriculation/Secondary Examination Certificate in this part of the instruction includes the alternative certificates mentioned above.

NOTE 1:- Candidates should note that only the Date of Birth as recorded in the Matriculation/Secondary Examination Certificate or an equivalent certificate on the date of submission of applications will be accepted by the Commission and no subsequent request for its change will be considered or granted.

Note 2 :- Candidates should also note that once a Date of Birth has been claimed by them and entered in the records of the Commission for the purpose of admission to an Examination, no change will be allowed subsequently (or at any other Examination of the Commission) on any grounds whatsoever.

Note 3 :- The candidate should exercise due care while entering their date of birth in column 8 of the application form for the Preliminary Examination. If on verification at any subsequent stage, any variation is found in their date of birth from the one entered in their matriculation or equivalent Examination certificate, disciplinary action will be taken against them by the commission under the Rules.

(iii) Minimum Educational Qualifications :

The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.

Note I : Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified for the Commission’s examination but have not been informed of the results as also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination. All candidates who are declared qualified by the Commission for taking the Civil Services (Main) Examination will be required to produce proof of passing the requisite examination with their application for the Main Examination failing which such candidates will not be admitted to the Main Examination. The applications for the main examination will be called sometime in the month of July/August, 2006.

Note II : In exceptional cases the Union Public Service Commission may treat a candidate who has not any of the foregoing qualifications as a qualified candidate provided that he has passed examination conducted by the other Institutions, the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission justifies his admission to the examination.

Note III : Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications which are recognised by Government as equivalent to professional and technical degree would also be eligible for admission to the examination.

Note IV : Candidates who have passed the final professional M.B.B.S. or any other Medical Examination but have not completed their internship by the time of submission of their applications for the Civil Services (Main) Examination, will be provisionally admitted to the Examination provided they submit along with their application a copy of certificate from the concerned authority of the University/Institution that they had passed the requisite final professional medical examination. In such cases, the candidates will be required to produce at the time of their interview original Degree or a certificate from the concerned competent authority of the University/Institution that they had completed all requirements (including completion of internship) for the award of the Degree.

(iv) Number of attempts :
Every candidate appearing at the Civil Services Examination, who is otherwise eligible, shall be permitted four attempts at the examination.

Provided that this restriction on the number of attempts will not apply in the case of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe candidates who are otherwise eligible.

Provided further that the number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes, who are otherwise eligible, shall be seven. This relaxation will be available to the candidates who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

Note :

1. An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at the examination.

2. If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, he shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the examination.

3. Notwithstanding the disqualification/cancellation of candidature the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.

(v) Restrictions on applying for the examination :

A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.

In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, 2006 is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2006 notwithstanding his/her having qualified in the Preliminary Examination, 2006.

Also provided that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2006 but before the result thereof and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be considered for appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of this examination viz. Civil Services Examination, 2006.

(vi) Physical Standards :

Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Civil Services Examination. 2006 as per guidelines given in Appendix-III of Rules for Examination published in the Gazette of India Extraordinary dated 3rd December, 2005.

 FEE :


A candidate seeking admission to examination must pay to the Commission a fee of Rs. 50.00 (Rupees Fifty only) through a single Central Recruitment Fee Stamp of requisite denomination. Central recruitment Fee Stamp (NOT postage stamps) may be obtained from the post office and affixed on the application form in the space provided therein. The stamp must be got cancelled from the issuing Post Office with the date stamp of the post office in such a manner that the impression of the cancellation mark partially overflows on the application form itself but within the space provided on the form. The impression of the cancellation mark should be clear and distinct to facilitate the identification of date and the Post Office of issue.

Candidates residing abroad should deposit the prescribed fee in the office of India's High Commissioner, Ambassador or representative abroad as the case may be for credit to account head "051-Public Service Commission-Examination Fees" and attach the receipt with the application.

Candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes are not required to pay any fee. No Fee exemption is, However, Available to OBC Candidates and they are required to pay the full prescribed fee.

Physically disabled persons are exempted from the payment of fee provided they are otherwise eligible for appointment to the Services/Posts to be filled on the results of this examination on the basis of the standards of medical fitness for these Services/Posts (including any concessions specifically extended to the physically disabled). A physically disabled candidate claiming fee concession will be required by the Commission to submit along with their detailed application form, a certified copy of the certificate from a Government Hospital/Medical Board in support of his claim for being physically disabled.

NOTE : Notwithstanding the aforesaid provision for fee exemption, a physically disabled candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he (after such physical examination as the Government or the appointing authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/Posts to be allocated to Physically disabled candidates by the Government.

'Postage Stamps' will in no case be accepted in lieu of 'Central Recruitment Fee Stamp'.

Candidates should note that the fee sent through Indian Postal Orders, Bank Draft, Money Order, Crossed Cheque, Currency notes or Treasury Challan etc. will not be accepted by the Commission and such applications will be treated as without fee and will be summarily rejected.

Note I : Applications not accompanied by the prescribed Fee (Unless remission of Fee is claimed) shall be summarily rejected.

Note II : Fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor can the fee be held in reserve for any other examination or selection.

Note III : If any candidate who took the Civil Services Examination held in 2005 wishes to apply for admission to this examination, he must submit his application so as to reach the Commission’s Office by the prescribed date without waiting for the results or an offer of appointment.

Note IV : Candidates admitted to the Main Examination will be required to pay a further fee of Rs. 100/- (Rs. one hundred only).




 How to Apply:

(a) The UPSC have developed an application form common for all their examinations which will be processed on computerised machines. This application form alongwith an Information Brochure containing general instructions for filling up the form, an acknowledegment card and an envelope for sending the application is obtainable from the designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices throughout the country as listed in Appendix-III of Notice against cash payment of Rs. 20/- (Rupees twenty only). Form should be purchased from the designated Post Offices only and not from any other agency. This form can be used only once and for only one examination. Candidates must use the form supplied with the Information Brochure only and they should in no case use photocopy/reproduction/unauthorisedly printed copy of the Form. Since this form is electronically scannable, due care should be taken to fill up the application form, correctly. While filling up the application form, please refer to detailed instructions given in Appendix-II of this Notice. The candidate should also fill up in the relevant places of the Acknowledgement Card, their Application Form Number (8-digit) and the name of the examination. The applicants are required to affix the postage stamp of Rs. 6/- on the Acknowledgement Cards and sent the same along with Application Form to UPSC. If an applicant fails to affix the postage stamp of requisite amount, his Acknowledgment Cards will be not be despatched and Commission will not be responsible for non-receipt of acknowledgement cards by the applicant. . The duly filled in application form and the acknowledgement card should then be mailed in the special envelope supplied with the Information Brochure. The Candidates should also write the name of examination viz. "Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2006" on the envelope before despatching it to "Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, New Delhi-110069".

(b) All candidates, whether already in Government Service, or in Government owned industrial undertakings or other similar organisations or in private employment should submit their applications direct to the Commission. If any candidate forwards his application through his employer and it reaches the Union Public Service Commission late, the application, even if submitted to the employer before the closing date, will not be considered.

Persons already in Government service, whether in a permanent or temporary capacity or as workcharged employees other than casual or daily rated employees or those serving under the Public Enterprises are however, required to submit an undertaking that they have informed in writing their Head of Office/Department that they have applied for the Examination.

Candidates should note that in case a communication is received from their employer by the Commission withholding permission to the candidates applying for/appearing at the examination, their applications will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

NOTE 1 : While filling in his application form, the candidate should carefully decide about his choice for the centre and optional subject for the Examination. More than one application from A candidate giving Different centres and/or optional subjects will not be accepted in any case. Even if a candidate sends more than one completed application the Commission will accept only one application at their discretion and the Commission's decision in the matter shall be final.

If any candidate appears at a centre/optional subject other than the one indicated by the Commission in his Admission Certificate, the papers of such a candidate will not be valued and his candidature will be liable to cancellation.

NOTE-2 : Since These application forms are to be processed in a computerised system, Due care should be taken by the candidates to fill up their application form correctly. Necessary instructions for filling up the form may be seen at appendix II. No column of the Application should be left blank. Incomplete or defective applications shall be summarily rejected. No representation or correspondence regarding such rejection shall be entertained under any circumstances.

Candidates are not required to submit along with their applications any certificate in support of their claims regarding Age, Educational Qualifications, Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes and Physically disabled etc. Which will be verified at the time of the Main examination only. The candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfil all the eligibility conditions for admission to the Examination. Their admission at all the stages of examination for which they are admitted by the Commission viz. Preliminary Examination, Main (Written) Examination and Interview Test will be purely provisional, subject to their satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. If on verification at any time before or after the Preliminary Examination, Main (written) Examination and Interview Test, it is found that they do not fulfil any of the eligibility conditions, their candidature for the examination will be cancelled by the Commission.

If any of their Claims is found to be Incorrect, they may render themselves liable to disciplinary action by the Commission in terms of rule 14 of the rules for the Civil Services Examination, 2006 reproduced below :

A candidate who is or has been declared by the Commission to be guilty of :

(i) Obtaining support for his candidature by the following means, namely :–

(a) offering illegal gratification to, or

(b) applying pressure on, or

(c) blackmailing, or threatening to blackmail any person connected with the conduct of the examination, or

(ii) impersonating, or

(iii) procuring impersonation by any person, or

(iv) submitting fabricated documents or documents which have been tampered with, or

(v) making statements which are incorrect or false or suppressing material information, or

(vi) resorting to the following means in connection with his candidature for the examination, namely

(a) obtaining copy of question paper through improper means,

(b) finding out the particulars of the persons connected with secret work relating to the examination.

(c) influencing the examiners, or

(vii) using unfair means during the examination, or

(viii) writing obscene matter or drawing obscene sketches in the scripts, or

(ix) misbehaving in the examination hall including tearing of the scripts, provoking fellow examinees to boycott examination, creating a disorderly scene and the like, or

(x) harassing or doing bodily harm to the staff employed by the Commission for the conduct of their examinations, or

(xi) being in possession of or using any mobile phone, paper or any electronic equipment or device or any other equipment capable of being used as a communication device during the examination; or

(xii) violating any of the instructions issued to candidates along with their admission certificates permitting them to take the examination; or

(xiii) attempting to commit or as the case may be abetting the commission of all or any of the acts specified in the foregoing clauses;

may in addition to rendering himself liable to criminal prosecution, be liable.

(a) to be disqualified by the Commission from the examination for which he is a candidate and/or

(b) to be debarred either permanently or for a specified period

(i) by the Commission from any examination or selection held by them;

(ii) by the Central Government from any employment under them; and

(c) if he is already in service under Government to disciplinary action under the appropriate rules.

Provided that no penalty under this rules shall be imposed except after.

(i) giving the candidate an opportunity of making such representation, in writing as he may wish to make in that behalf; and

(ii) taking the representation, if any, submitted by the candidate within the period allowed to him into consideration.

6. Last date for receipt of applications :

(i) The completed Application Form must reach the Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, New Delhi 110069 on or before 02nd January, 2006.

(ii) In respect of applications received only by post (by post/speed post) from the candidates residing in Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Lahaul and Spiti District and Pangi Sub-Division of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands or Lakshadweep or abroad, the last date for receipt of applications is 09th January, 2006. The benefit of extended time will be available only in respect of applications received by post/speed post from the above mentioned areas/regions. In the case of applications received by hand or through courier service, benefit of extended time will not be available regardless of the place of residence of the applicant.

Candidates who are claiming the benefit of extended time should clearly indicate in column 13 (II) of the application form, the area code of the particular area or region (e.g. Assam, Meghalaya, J&K etc.) where they are residing. In case they fail to do so, the benefit of extended time will not be allowed to them.

NOTE:-(i) Candidates should clearly note that the Commission will in no case be responsible for non-receipt of their application or any delay in receipt thereof on any account whatsoever. No application received after the prescribed last date will be entertained under any circumstances and all the late applications will be summarily rejected. They should therefore, ensure that their applications reach the Commission's Office on or before the prescribed last date.

NOTE:-(ii) Candidates can also deliver their applications personally at the Commission's counter against proper acknowledgement. The Commission will not be responsible for the applications delivered to any other functionary of the Commission.

NOTE:-(iii) Applications received through Couriers or Courier Services of any type shall be treated as having been received "By hand" at the Commission's Counter.

 Acknowledgement of applications :

Immediately on receipt of an application from a candidate, the Acknowledgement Card submitted by him alongwith the application form will be despatched to him by the Commission’s office duly stamped in token of receipt of his Application. If a candidate does not receive the Acknowledgement Card within 30 days, he should at once contact the Commission by quoting his Application Form No. (8-digit) and name & year of examination. Candidates delivering the application form in person at the Commission’s Counter will be issued Acknowledgement Card at the Counter itself. The mere fact that a candidate’s application has been acknowledged by the Commission does not mean that his candidature for the examination has been accepted by the Commission. Candidates will be informed at the earliest possible about their admission to the examination or rejection of their application.

8. Correspondence with the Commission:

The Commission will not enter into any correspondence with the candidates about their candidature except in the following cases:

(i) Every candidate for this examination will be informed at the earliest possible date of the result of his application. Admission certificates, indicating the Roll Nos. will be issued to the candidates who are admitted to the examination. The admission certificate will bear the photograph of the candidate. If a candidate does not receive his admission certificate or any other communication regarding his candidature for the examination three weeks before the commencement of the examination, he should at once contact the Commission. On receipt of such a communication, Admission certificate or a duplicate copy thereto will be issued to the admitted candidate. Information in this regard can also be obtained from the Facilitation Counter located in the Commission’s Office either in person or over phone Nos. 011-23381125/23385271/23098543. In case no communication is received in the Commission's office from the candidate regarding non-receipt of his admission certificate atleast 3 weeks before the examination, he himself will be solely responsible for non-receipt of his admission certificate. It may be noted that the Admission Certificate will be issued at the address as photocopied from the application form filled in by the candidate. The candidate should, therefore, ensure that address given by him in the application form is correct and complete with pin code.

No candidate will ordinarily be allowed to take the examination unless he holds a certificate of admission for the examination. On the receipt of Admission Certificate, check it carefully and bring discrepancies/erros, if any, to the notice of UPSC immediately.

The candidates should note that their admission to the examination will be purely provisional based on the information given by them in the application form. This will be subject to verification of all the eligibility conditions by the UPSC.

The mere fact that a certificate of admission to the Examination has been issued to a candidate, will not imply that his candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission or that entries made by the candidate in his application for the Preliminary examination have been accepted by the Commission as true and correct. Candidates may note that the Commission takes up the verification of eligibility conditions of a candidate, with reference to original documents, only after the candidate has qualified for Civil Services (Main) Examination. Unless candidature is formally confirmed by the Commission, it continues to be provisional.

The decision of the Commission as to the eligibility or otherwise of a candidate for admission to the Examination shall be final.

Candidates should note that the name in the Admission Certificate in some cases, may be abbreviated due to technical reasons.

(ii) In the event of a candidate receiving more than one admission certificate from the Commission, he should use only one of these admission certificates for appearing in the examination and return the other(s) to the Commission Office.

(iii) A candidate must see that communications sent to him at the address stated in his application are redirected, if necessary. Change in address should be communicated to the Commission at the earliest opportunity. Although the Commission make every effort to take account of such changes, they cannot accept any responsibility in the matter.

(iv) Candidates are informed that as the Preliminary Examination is only a screening test, no marks sheets will be supplied to successful or unsuccessful candidates and no correspondence will be entertained by the Commission, in this regard.

(v) If a candidate receives an admission certificate in respect of some other candidate on account of handling error, the same should be immediately returned to the Commission with a request to issue the correct AC. Candidates may note that they will not be allowed to take the examination on the strength of an admission certificate issued in respect of another candidate.

Important : All communications to the Commission should invariably contain the following particulars.

1. Name and year of the examination.

2. Application Form Number (8-digit)

3. Roll Number (if received)

4. Name of candidate (in full and in block letters)

5. Complete postal address as given in the application.



N.B. I. Communication not containing the above particulars may not be attended to.

N.B. II. Candidates should also note down their application form number (8 digit) for future reference. They may be required to indicate the same in connection with their candidature for the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

9. Physical Requirements for the Disabled Candidates:- For being considered against the vacancies reserved for them, the physically disabled persons should have disability of Forty per cent (40%) or more. However, such candidates shall be required to meet one or more of the following physical requirements/abilities which may be necessary for performing the duties in the concerned Services/Posts :

Code Physical Requirements

F 1.Work performed by manipulating (with Fingers)

PP 2. Work performed by pulling & pushing

L 3. Work performed by lifting



KC 4. Work performed by kneeling and crouching B 5. Work performed by bending

S 6. Work performed by sitting (on bench or chair)

ST 7. Work performed by standing

W 8. Work performed by walking

SE 9. Work performed by seeing

H 10. Work performed by hearing/speaking

RW 11. Work performed by reading and writing.

The functional classification in their case shall be, one or more of the following, consistent with the requirements of the concerned Services/Posts :–

Functional Classification

Code Functions

BL 1. both legs affected but not arms

BA 2. both arms affected a. impaired reach b. weakness of grip.

BLA 3. both legs and both arms affected.

OL 4. one leg affected (R or L) a. impaired reach b. weakness of grip c. ataxic

OA 5. one arm affected (R or L) - do -

BH 6. stiff back and hips (cannot sit or stoop).

MW 7. muscular weakness and limited physical endurance.

B 8. the blind

PB 9. partially blind

D 10. the deaf

PD 11. partially deaf.

10. Withdrawal of applications :

No request for withdrawal of candidature received from a candidate after he has submitted his application will be entertained under any circumstances.

(M.P. SINGH) Joint Secretary Union Public Service Commission 


How to Apply:

(a) The UPSC have developed an application form common for all their examinations, which will be processed on computerised machines. This application form alongwith an Information Brochure containing general instructions for filling up the form, an acknowledgement card and an envelope for sending the application is obtainable from the designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices throughout the country as against cash payment of Rs. 20/- (Rupees twenty only). Form should be purchased from the designated Post Offices only and not from any other agency. This form can be used only once and for only one examination. Candidates must use the form supplied with the Information Brochure only and they should in no case use photocopy / reproduction / unauthorisedly printed copy of the Form. Since this form is electronically scannable, due care should be taken to fill up the application form, correctly. While filling up the application form, please refer to detailed instructions given in the Notice.

List of Head Post Offices/Post Offices where UPSC application forms are available

Andhra Pradesh Circle : Hyderabad GPO, Hyderabad Jubilee, Kachiguda Stn., Khairatabad, Secunderabad, Trimulgherry, Adilabad, Anantapur, Arundelpet (Guntur), Chittoor, Cuddapah, Eluru, Kakinada, Karimnagar, Khammam, Kurnool, Machilipatnam, Mahboobnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nellore, Nizamabad, Ongole, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vijayawada, Vikarabad, Visakhapatnam, Warangal.

Assam Circle : Guwahati, Barpeta, Dhubri, Dibrugarh, Diphu, Golaghat, Hailakandi, Jorhat, Karimganj, Kokrajhar, Mangaldoi, Nagaon, Nalbari, North Lakhimpur, Sibsagar, Silchar, Tezpur, Tinsukia.

Bihar Circle : Patna, GPO, Bankipur, Arrah, Aurangabad, B. Deoghar, Bokaro Steel City, Banka, Battiah, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Biharsharif, Buxar, Chaibasa, Chapra, Daltonganj, Darbhanga, Dhanbad, Dumka, Gaya, Giridih, Gopalganj, Gumla, Hajipur, Hazaribagh, Jamshedpur, Katihar, Madhubani, Motihari, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Nawada, Purnea, Ranchi, Saharsa, Samastipur, Sasaram, Sitamarhi, Siwan.

Delhi Circle : Delhi GPO, New Delhi, Indra Prastha, Ramesh Nagar, Sarojini Nagar, Lodi Road, Krishna Nagar, Ashok Vihar, Parliament Street, UPSC PO.

Gujarat Circle : Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, Amreli Anand, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Dahod, Godhra, Himatnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Mehesana, Navrangpura, Navsari, Palanpur, Patan, Porbandar, Rajkot, Revdi Bazar, Surat, Surendranagar, Valsad, Vadodara.

Haryana Circle : Ambala GPO, Ambala City, Bahadurgarh, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Hissar, Jind, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Narnaul, Panipat, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat.

Himachal Pradesh Circle : Shimla, Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Keylong, Kulu, Mandi, Nahan, Recong, Peo, Solan, Una.

Jammu & Kashmir Circle : Srinagar, Anantnag, Baramulla, Jammu, Kathua, Leh, Rajouri, Udhampur.

Karnataka Circle : Bangalore GPO, Bangalore City, Basavangudi, HAL II Stage, Jayanagar, R.T. Nagar, Bagalkot, Raichur, Rajajinagar, Belgaum Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chikmagalur, Chitradurga, Davengere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Hubli, Karwar, Kolar, Madikere, Mandya, Mangalore, Manipal, Mysore, Nanjagud, Shimoga, Sirsi, Tumkur, Udupi.

Kerala Circle : Trivandrum, Alleppey (Alappuzha), Calicut, Cannanore, Ernakulam, Kalpetta, Kasargod, Kattappana, Kottayam, Malappuram, Palghat, Pathanamthitta, Quilon, Trichur, Kavaratti, (Lakshadweep).

Madhya Pradesh Circle : Bhopal GPO, Bilaspur, Ambikapur, Balaghat, Betul, Bhind, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Dewas, Dhar, Durg, Guna, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jagdalpur, Jhabua, Khandwa, Khargone, Lashkar, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsinghpur, Neemuch, Raigarh, Raipur, Raisen, Rajgarh (Biora), Rajnandgaon, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar Cantt., Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Tikamgarh, Ujjain, Vidisha.

Maharashtra Circle : Mumbai GPO, Andheri, Borivili, Chembur, Chinehbunder, Dadar, Girgaon, Kalbadevi, Mahim, Mandvi, Mumbai Central, Ahmednagar, Akola, Alibag, Amravati, Aurangabad, Beed, Bhandara, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Dhule, Jalagaon, Jalna, Karad, Kolhapur, Latur, Nagpur GPO, Nanded, Nasik, Osmanabad, Parbhani, Pune, Ratnagiri, Sangli, Satara, Sawantwadi, Solapur, Thane, Wardha, Yeotmal, Margaon (Goa), Panaji (Goa).

North East Circle : Agartala, Aizwal, Dharmanagar, Imphal, Itanagar, Kohima, Radhakishorepur, Shillong, Tura.

Orissa Circle : Bhubaneswar GPO, Angul, Bolangir, Balasore, Bargarh, Baripada, Berhamapur, Bhadrak, Bhawanipatna, Cuttack GPO, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Jeypore (K), Jharsuguda, Kendrapara, Keonjhargarh, Koraput, Nayagarh, Parlakhemundi, Phulbani, Puri, Rayagada, Sambalpur, Sundargarh.

Punjab Circle : Amritsar, Bhatinda, Faridkot, Ferozepur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar City, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Moga, Patiala, Ropar, Sangrur, Chandigarh.

Rajasthan Circle : Jaipur GPO, Jawahar Nagar, Shastri Nagar, Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Baran, Barmer, Bharatpur, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bundi, Chittorgarh, Churu, Dausa, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Hanumangarh, Hindaun, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Kankroli, Kota, Nagaur, Pali Marwar, Sawaimadhopur, Shastri Circle Udaipur, Sikar, Sirohi, Sriganganagar, Tonk.

Tamil Nadu Circle : Chennai GPO, Anna Road, St. Thomas Mount, T. Nagar, Bodinayakanur, Chengalpattu, Chidambaram, Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanchipuram, Karur, Madurai, Nagapattinam, Nagercoil, Namakkal, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Salem, Sivagangai, Tambaram, Thanjavur, Thiruvannamalai, Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvallur, Tiruvayur, Turaiyur, Tuticorin, Udhagamandalam, Vellore, Villupuram, Virudhunagar, Pondichearry.

Uttar Pradesh Circle : Lucknow, Lucknow Chowk, Agra, Akbarpur, Aligarh, Allahabad, Allahabad Katchery, Almora, Auraiya, Azamgarh, Bahraich, Ballia, Balrampur, Banda, Bansi, Barabanki, Bareilly, Basti, Bijnor, Budaun, Bulandshahr, Dehradun, Deoria, Dhampur, Etah, Etawah, Faizabad, Fatehgarh, Fatehpur, Firozabad, Ghaziabad, Ghazipur, Gonda, Gopeshwar, Gorakhpur, Haldwani, Hamirpur,Hardoi, Jaunpur, Jhansi, Kanpur, Kheri, Lalitpur, Mainpuri, Mathura, Mau, Meerut, Mirzapur, Moradabad, Muzaffarnagar, Nainital, Orai, Pauri, Padrauna, Pilibhit, Pithoragarh, Pratapgarh, Rai Bareli, Rampur, Roorkee, Saharanpur, Shahajahanpur, Sitapur, Sultanpur, Tehri, Unnao, Varanasi.

West Bengal Circle : Kolkata GPO, Alipore, Barabazar, Beleghata, Belghoria, Cassipore, Park Street, Tollygunge, Balurghat, Bankura, Barasat, Berhampore, Burdwan, Chinsurah, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Howrah, Jalpaiguri, Krishnagar, Malda, Midnapore, Purulia, Suri, Siliguri, Port Blair (Andaman & Nicobar Islands), Gangtok (Sikkim).

Selected Field Post Offices through 1 Central Base Post Office (CBPO), 56 APO;2 CBPO (99 APO)












UPSC SERVICES

Major among the UPSC services are the following:




Service Preferences

A candidate shall be required to indicate in his/her application form for the Main Examination his/her order of preferences for various services/posts for which he/she would like to be considered for appointment in case he/she recommended for appointment by union Public Service Commission.
A candidate who wishes to be considered for IAS/IPS shall be required to indicate his/her application if he/she would like to be considered for allotment to the state to which he/she belongs in case he/she is appointed to the IAS/IPS.
Note.-The candidate is advised to be very careful while indicating preferences for various services/posts. Due consideration will be given at the time of making allocation on the results of the examination to the preferences expressed by a candidate for various services at the time of his application. A candidate who has accepted the allocation to a service on the basis of an earlier examination shall be eligible on the basis of this examination to be allocated only to those service(s)/post(s) which were higher in the order of preference in his/her application form for the examination on the basis of which he/she had been last allocated to a service.. The candidate is also advised to indicate all the services/posts in the order of preference in his/her application form. In case he/she does not give any preference for any services/posts, it will be assumed that he/she has no specific preference for those services. If he/she is not allotted to any one of the services/posts for which he/she has indicated preference, he/she shall be allotted to any of the remaining services/posts in which there are vacancies after allocation of all the candidates who can be allocated to a service/post in 

India Information President of India- http://presidentofindia.nic.in/S/index.htm
• IAS (In-Service) Training :- http://persmin.nic.in/ias/iastraining.html




























Karnataka Administrative Service

K.A.S. is acronym for Karnataka Administrative Service. Persons who are selected in these service do administration of state. It is equivalent to IAS of central (Union) government of India. Candidates are selected by written examination followed by group discussion and personal interview. The candidates selected are generally known as Gazetted officers. These officers hold important posts in administration of Karnataka state. They can be said as law making and implementing persons. Normally posts held by these officers wield tremendous power.
For an effective administration of the Government, it is the policy of the Government to recruit dynamic youngsters in the administration of the State. For this purpose Gazetted probationers Rules of 1966 has been introduced. It is provided in the Rules that the Commission should invite applications from the eligible candidates for recruitment to the posts coming under Group I & II Civil Service posts. Up to 1997, these examinations were conducted at a single stage followed by Personality Test.
In the year 1997 this procedure was given up and the rules were amended on the lines of Civil Service examinations conducted by the U.P.S.C.

SCHEME OF THE EXAMINATION
As per the 1997 Rules the competitive examination comprises;
1. Preliminary Examination (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates to the main examination
2. Main Examination (Written Examination) for selection of candidates to the personality test.
3. Personality test for final selection of candidates to various posts/ caders.



A. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION:
The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers with objective type questions (multiple choice).
Paper – I General Studies 150 marks
 Paper – II One subject to be selected from the list of optional subjects. 300 marks

 Total           450 marks

Note1:The question paper would be set both in Kannada and  English.

A candidate may answer the paper entirely either in Kannada or in English.

Note 2:The standard of Preliminary Examination is that of  degree level.

Note 3:Each paper will be of two hours duration.

Note 4  : The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination would be 20 times the vacancies notified for recruitment in the order of merit on the basis of the performance in the preliminary Examination . This would take care of vacancies reserved for candidates belonging to the categories of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other Backward classes. B. Main Examination: The main Examination consists of written examination which of conventional type.
SUBJECT MARKS Paper - I Kannada 150 marks

Paper – II English 150 marks

Paper – III & IV General studies 300 marks for each paper
Paper – V, VI, VII & VIII Two subjects to be selected from the list of optional subjects. Each subject will have two papers 300 marks for each paper TOTAL 1800 marks Note – 1  : The marks obtained in compulsory papers i.e. in Kannada and in English are of qualifying nature. For qualifying in these papers, a minimum of 30% in each paper and 35% aggregate is prescribed. The marks obtained in these two papers are not considered for determining the merit for selection. Candidates who do not secure the prescribed marks in these papers namely, Kannada and English, will not be eligible for personality test and selection. Note – 2  : The Examination is of conventional type. Note – 3  : The question papers are set both in Kannada and in English. A candidate may answer a paper either entirely in Kannada or in English. Note – 4  : The standard of the main examination except paper – I Kannada and Paper – II English (qualifying nature) are that of degree level. The standard of paper – I Kannada and Paper – II English are that of First Language Kannada and First Language English respectively at SSLC Level.
C. Personality Test: The Commission calls for personality test, at the ratio of 1:5 based on the number of vacancies in the order of merit on the basis of the results of the main Examination, taking into consideration the vacancies reserved for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Personality test carries a maximum of 200 marks. The object of the Personality test is to assess the personal suitability of a candidate to the service or services for which he is a candidate. The qualities judged at the time of personality test are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion, leadership and intellectual depth of the candidate.

D.List of Optional subjects for Preliminary / Main Examination:

Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing. Co-operation and Sericulture. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences and Fisheries. Anthropology. Botany. Chemistry. Civil Engineering. Commerce Criminology. Economics. Electrical Engineering. Geography. Geology. History. Law. One of the following Language : a) Kannada b) English c) Hindi d) Urdu Management. Mathematics. Mechanical Engineering. Philosophy. Physics. Political Science and International Relations. Psychology. Public Administration. Rural Development. Sociology. Statistics. Zoology.
Note : The Candidates will not be allowed to offer the following combination of subjects in the main examinations:- (a) Political Science and International Relations and Public Administration. (b) Commerce and Accountancy and Management. (c) Anthropology and Sociology. (d) Mathematics and Statistics. (e) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences. (f) Of the Engineering Subjects viz., Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering not more than one subject. (g) Economics and Rural Development and Co-operation. (h) Agriculture and Rural Development & Co-operation.
General :Candidates must write the papers in their own hand. Under no circumstances,they will be allowed the help of a scribe to write the answers for them. The Preliminary examination will be conducted at Bangalore, Mysore, Dharwad and Gulbarga Centres, after this, the candidates who have passed in the Preliminary Examination are eligible for Main Examination in the ratio of 1:20. The Commission may specify more centers at its discretion depending upon the exigency. The decision of the Commission in allotting the Centre at its discretion is final.
The Main Examination will also be conducted at Bangalore, Mysore, Dharwad and Gulbarga Centres. The total marks obtained by each candidate in the examination will be published on the notice board of the office. The Commission will invite the candidates to the Personality Test in the ratio of 1:5. The personality test carries a maximum of 200 marks. Immediately, after the Personality Test is over, marks are awarded to the candidate in consonance with their performance in the personality test. The marks obtained in the personality test by each candidate is published on the notice board on the same day or on the next day. Finally the marks obtained in the main Examination and the marks obtained in the Personality Test are totaled and the Commission prepares the lists of candidates considered as suitable for appointment to the Posts of Group A & B arranging in the order of merit according to the preferences of services indicated by the candidates. The selection of candidates under reservation categories is subject to confirmation and issue of validity certificates by the caste and income verification Committee as per the existing Government orders.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syllabus for civil engineering students:-

Civil Engineering (Subject Code - 05)
PAPER -1
(A) THEORY AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES :
(a)Theory of Structures Energy theories - Castrigliano theorems I and II, unit load
method and method of consistant deformation applied to beams and pinpointed plane
frames, Slope deflection, moment distribution and Keni method of analysis applied to
indeterminate beams and rigid frames.
Moving loads, oriteries for maximum sheer force and bending Moment in means
traversed by a system of moving loads, Influence lines for simply supported planes,
pinjointed girders.
Arches: Three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches-rib, shortending and
temperature effects Influence lines.
Matrix Methods of Analysis : Force method and displacement method.
(b)Structural Steel: Factors of safety and load factors.
Design of tension and compression members, beams of built up section, riveted
and welded plate girders, gantry girders, stanchions with battena and lacings, Slab
and gusseted bases
Design of highway and railway bridges -Through and deok, type plate girder, Warren
girder and Parttruss.
c) Reinforced concrete. Limit state method design-Recommendations of IS codes,
Design of one-way and two-way slabs, simple and continuous beams of rectangular,
T and L sections.
Compression chambers under direct load with or without eccentricity, footings,
Isolated and combined.
Rataining walls, antilever and counterfort types.
Methods and systems of prestressing Anchorages, Analysis and design of sections
for flexurs, loss of prestress.
23
(B) FLUID MECHANICS :
Fluid properties, and their role in fluid motion, fluid statics including forces acting on
plane and cured surfaces.
Kinematics and Dynamics and Flund Flow, Velocity and accelerations, stream lines,
equation of continuity, irrotational and rotational flows, velocity potential and stream
function flownets and methods of drawing flow net, sources and sinks, flow separation
and stagnation.
Euler’s equation of motion, energy and momentum equations and their applications
to pine flow, free and forced vortices, plane and curved stationery and moving vanes,
sluice gates, weirs, orifioe meters and venture meters.
Dimensional Analysis and Similitude; Buckingham’s Pitheorem, similarities, model
laws, undistorted and distorted models, movable bed models, model calibration.
Laminar Flow : Laminar flow between parallel, stationary and moving plates, flow
through tube, Reynold’s experiments, lubrication principles.
Boundary Layers : Laminar and turbulent boundary layer on a flat plate, laminar
sublayer, smooth and rough boundaries, drag and lift.
Turbulent flow through pipes: Characteristics of turbulent flow, velocity distribution
and variation of friction factor, hydraulic grade line and total energy line, siphons,
expansions and contractions in pipes, pipe net works water hammer;
Opern Channel Flow: Uniform and non-uniform flows, specific energy and specific
force, critical depth, resistance equations and variation of roughness coefficient; Rapidly
varied flow, flow varied flow, flow in contractions, flow at suddent drop, hydraulic jump
and its applications, surges and waves; gradually varied Flow differential equation for
gradually varied flow, classification of surface profiles, control section, step method of
integration of varied flow equation.
(C) SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING :
Soil composition, influence of clay minerals on engineering behaviour, Effective
stress principles, change in effective stress due to water flow condition, static water
table and steady flow conditions, permeability and compressibility of soils.
Strength behaviour, strength determination through direct and triaxial tests, total
effective stress strength parametered, total and effective strice paths.
Methods of site exploration, planning a sub surface exploration programme;
sampling procedured and sampling disturbance, penetration tests and plate load tests
and date interpretation.
24
Foundation types and selection, footings, rafts, piles, floating foundations, effect
of footing shapes, dimensions, depth of embedment, load inclination and ground water
on bearing capacity, settlement components, compatation for immediate and
consolidation settlements, limits on total and differential settlement, correction for rigidity.
Deep foundations, philosophy of deep foundations, piles, estimation of individuals
and group capacity, static and dynamic approaches, pils load tests, separation into
skin friction and point bearing under reamed piles, well foundation for bridges and
aspects of design.
Earth pressure, states of plastic equilibrium, Culmann’s procedure for determination
of lateral, thrust; determination of anchor force and depth of penetration, reinforced
earth retaining walls; concept, materials, and applications.
Machine foundations modes of vibrations, determination of natural frequency,
crieteria for design, effect of vibration on soils, vibration isolation.
(D) COMPUTER PROGRAMMING :
Types of computers, components of computers, history and development, different
languages.
Fortran / Basic programming, constants, variables, expressions, arithmetic
statements, library functions, control statements, unconditional GO-TO statements,
computed GO-To statements, IF and DO statements, Continue, Call, Return, Stop,
END Statements, I/Q statements, Formats, field specifications.
Subscripted variables, arrays, Dimension Statement, function and subroutine,
subprogrammes, application to simple problems with flow-charts in Civil engineering.
PAPER - II
Part - A Building Constructions :
Physical and mechanical properties of construction materials, factors influencing
selection, brick and clay products, limes and cements, polymeric materials and special
uses, damp-proofing materials.
Brickwork for walls, types, cavity walls, design of brick masonary walls as per I.S.
Code, factors of safety, service, ability and strength requirements, detailing of walls,
floors, roofs, ceiling, finishing of building, plastering, pointing, painting.
Functional planning of building, orientation of buildings, elements of fire - proof
construction, repairs to damaged and cracked buildings; use of ferro cement, fibre
reinforced and polymer concrete in construction; techniques and materials for low
cost housing.
Building estimates and specifications, construction scheduling, PERT and CPM
methods.
25
Part - B Transportation Engineering :
Railway: Permanent way, ballast, sleeper, fastenings, points and crossing, different
types of turn outs, cross-over, setting out of points.
Maintenance of track, superelevation, creep of rail ruling gradients, track resistance,
tractive effort =curve resistance.
Station yeards and machinery, station building, platform siding, turn tables, signals
and interlocking, level crossings.
Roads and Railways, Traffic engineering and traffic surveys, intersections, road
signs, signals and marking.
Classification of roads, planning and geometric design.
Design of flexible and rigid pavements, Indian Roads Congress guidelines on
payment layers and design methodologies.
Part - C Water Resources and irrigation Engineering :
Hydrology, Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, depression,
storage, infiltration, hydrograph, unit hydrograph, frequency analysis, flood estimation.
Ground Water Flow: Specific yield, storage co-efficient, co-efficient of permeability,
confined and unconfined aquifers, radial flow into a well under confined and unconfined
conditions, tubewells, pumping and recuperation tests, ground water potential.
Water Resources Planning : Ground and surface water resources, single and
multipurpose projects, storage capacity of reservoirs, reservoir losses, reservoir
sedimentation, flood routing through reservoirs, economics of water resources projects.
Water Requirement for Crops : Consumptive use of water, quality of irrigation
water, duty and delta, irrigation methods and their efficiencies.
Canal : Distribution system for canal irrigation, canal capacity, canal losses,
alignment for main and distributary canals, most efficie

 


DETAILS REGARDING KAS EXAM :-

Eligibility :


Candidates must have obtained Degree from any recognized University in India. Final Year/ Semester Degree Students can also apply for the prelims exam provided they submit Degree Certificate during the main exam.

Age Limit :

* GM age between 21 - 35 Years
* 2A/2B/3A/3B age between 21 - 38 Years
* SC/ST/CAT1 age between 21 - 40 Years

Note: As on last date for submission of application.

How to Apply :

* With all the documents visit http://kpsc.kar.nic.in and click on the Online Application Link provided.

* Paste a recent passport size photograph on a white paper and sign under the photo. This photo with signature has to be scanned and uploaded during online application

* Fill all the details and upload the photo scanned.

* Take printout of the application form and fee payment challan

* Visit the Near by Bank branch (Mentioned in the Notification) and pay the fee.

Examination Centers : 

Bengalooru, Mysore, Dharawada, Gulbarga, Shimoga
Grade/ Department / Posts

No. of Posts

KARNATAKA ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE (GROUP `A’ JUNIOR SCALE) ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER 30

->ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER COMMERCIAL TAXES GROUP-A 35

->ASSISTANT CONTROLLER (SAD) GROUP-A 52
->DEPUTY SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE GROUP-A 25

->CHIEF OFFICER GR-1(MUNICIPAL ADMN) GROUP-B 11

->TALUK SOCIAL WELFARE OFFICER GROUP-B 38

->ASSISTANT TREASURY OFFICER GROUP-B 23

->COMMERCIAL TAX OFFICER GROUP-B 45

->ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, TOURISM DEPARTMENT GROUP-B 3

->DEPUTY SUPERINTENDENT OF EXCISE GROUP-B 6

CONTACT Details :

KARNATAKA PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
‘UDYOGA SOUDHA'
BANGALORE – 560 001
Telephone
Secretary– 080-30574908 (O)
PRO 080-30574957
FAX No. 080-22266481
TELEGRAPHIC ADDRESS
‘ KAR PSC’
E-MAIL ADDRESS
kpscomp@vsnl.net


Download KAS GAZETTED PROBATIONERS PRELIMS 2010 Notification
Update :

The KAS Online Application Link is live now : http://67.228.111.171/SelectPost.aspx?varNotificationID=2&Lang=eng

NOTE : Candidate should submit online application form and download fee challan 

Buy KAS Examination Preparation Guide Previous Year Question Papers Online 


Source: 
http://entrance-exam.net/forum/general-discussion/details-regarding-kas-exam-84294.html#ixzz1oMJx9FAM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



MBA

What is an MBA Degree?

The MBA (Master of Business Administration) is a postgraduate degree that is awarded to students who have mastered the study of business. The MBA degree is thought to be one of the most prestigious and sought after degrees in the world.

Students of MBA programs study the theory and application of business and management principles. This type of study equips students with knowledge that can be applied to a variety of real world business situations.

Why Get an MBA Degree?

The main reason to attend school is to increase your salary potential and advance your career. Because graduates who hold an MBA degree are eligible for jobs that would not be offered to those who hold only a high school diploma, an MBA degree is almost a necessity in today’s business world.

In most cases, an MBA degree is required for executive and senior management positions. There are some companies who will not even consider applicants unless they have an MBA degree. People who hold an MBA degree will find that there are many different types of employment opportunities that are available to them.

What Can You Do With an MBA Degree?

Many MBA programs offer an education in general management along with a more specialized curriculum. Because this type of education is relevant to all industries and sectors, it will be valuable regardless of the career that is chosen after graduation.

Types of MBA Degrees

When it comes to the MBA degree, there are many different disciplines that can be pursued and combined. The options shown below are some of the most common MBA concentrations/degrees:
·         Accounting
·         Business Management
·         E-Business/E-Commerce
·         Economics
·         Entrepreneurship
·         Finance
·         Global Management
·         Human Resources Management
·         Information Systems
·         Marketing
·         Operations Management
·         Strategic/Risk Management
·         Technology Management

Where Can You Get an MBA Degree?

Much like a law school or medical school education, the academic content of a business school education does not vary much between programs. However, experts will tell you that the value of your MBA degree is often directly related to the prestige of the school which grants it.

Every year MBA schools receive rankings from various organizations and publications. These ranking are determined by a variety of factors and can be very useful when choosing a business school or MBA Program.

How Much Does an MBA Degree Cost?

Getting an MBA degree is expensive. In some cases, the cost of an MBA degree is four times as much as the average yearly salary. Tuition costs will vary depending upon the school and the program that you choose. Luckily, financial aid is available to MBA students.

Choosing an MBA Program

Nowadays, there are many different types of MBA programs. Before making a decision, you should evaluate each and every one.
What Exactly Is a Marketing MBA and How Will it Help My Career?
The market game has been completely changed in present scenario where a consumer has more control and say over market tactics and practices. This control of customers over market has led to the rise of marketing and marketing research practices in delivering over critical business decisions. And this importance to market research has created unanimous opinion among CEO’s for their companies to have benefit of this business practice.
This rise in demand of market research has forced professionals to go into market research and marketing.  However, for getting completely into the marketing MBA, one should have bit understanding about the marketing. On a broader perspective, marketing is merely not an activity of advertising and selling goods but more off it is a more  than that  and both are merely a step of marketing. Marketing can be understood with those steps that are needed for recognizing particular needs and demands of target market of customers and then satisfying their needs by the medium of competition.
A successful marketing campaign starts from a properly done market research. A market  research analyst can take into consideration all other factors like statistical data on competitors for examining prices, sales and methods of marketing and distribution, market researchers analyze data on past sales to predict future sales. In most cases, market research analysts devise methods and procedures for having data they need. In most of the cases market research analyst found new methods for mining data they need. Often they design telephone, mail or internet survey to have an assessment of the consumer survey.
So it is clear that in present day business activities, Marketing is an essential to business and there extensive vacancies in the field of marketing have been witnessed in recent times. Companies are constantly hunting for Chief Marketing Officers. So make the best use of extensive demand in the field of marketing one can have MBA in marketing that provides him an additional edge. If you are already working in a company in positions as hold by marketing departments an MBA in marketing can help you to chase up corporate ladder in better and analyzed way. The first year of the MBA course tells you about subjects like economy, strategy and leadership skills. As a student of marketing MBA, the areas that you would cover are consumer audiences, consumer behavior, and market research, the analysis of demand, strategic planning, marketing campaigns, consumer relations and advertising. The job outlook for MBA marketing is very bright one can look into the following areas as for better business prospects.
§ Product and Brand Managers: He is held responsible for the profitability and market growth of a product line. He can be assumed as CEO of a particular product or commodity. He looks over the diverse divisions of the company as to ensure efficient and timely flow of product into the market.
§ New Product Development Specialists: This designation in the company has been made to ensure managing new of developing product lines.
§ Marketing Managers: He works as on line of a project manager, however, is more focused over serving and managing an ongoing relationship with existing customers.
This way focus and scope for MBA in marketing can be understood.
           there are so many good jobs in the marketing like the,

·         Marketing/business development Executive.
·         business development manager.
·         communication process design consultant.
·         sales and distributor manager.
·         Business editor.
·         Assoiciate,special projects.
·         branch manager.
·         marketing manager.
·         associate manager.
·         Analyst-CRM sales.
·         Head commercial& marketing.
·         sales speciliast-services.
·         unit head.
·         product manager-pharma.
·         unit had.
·         Business development manager/sr.managere.
·         CRM-sales consultant.
·         leader,shopper practice.
·         associate director.
·         Manager/senior manager-resources.
·         Stakeholder engagement team lead.
























A Masters in Business Administration, or an MBA as it is more commonly known, is an advanced business degree. The MBA degree is widely believed to be one of the most prestigious and sought after degrees in the world. Earning an MBA can lead to a higher salary, a position in management, and marketability in an ever-evolving job market.

Increased Earnings with an MBA

Many people enroll in an Masters in Business Administration program with the hope of earning more money after graduation. Although there is no guarantee that you will make more money with an MBA, a higher salary is likely. However, the exact amount you earn is very dependent on the job you do and the business school you graduate from.

A recent study of 
MBA salaries from BusinessWeekfound that Harvard Business School graduates earn an average starting salary of $134,000 while graduates of second tier schools, such as Arizona State (Carey) or Illinois-Urbana Champaign, earn an average starting salary of $72,000. Cash compensation for MBAs is significant though regardless of school. The BusinessWeek study stated that median cash compensation over a 20-year period, for all the schools in the study, was $2.5 million.


Popular Job Options for MBAs

After earning a Masters in Business Administration, most grads find work in the business field. They may accept jobs with large corporations, but just as often take jobs with small or mid-size companies and non-profit organizations. Other career options include consulting positions or 
entrepreneurship.

MBA degrees frequently lead to upper management positions. A new grad may not start out in such a position, but certainly has the opportunity to move up the career ladder faster than non-MBA counterparts.

Popular job options for MBAs include but are not limited to:
·         Accountant
·         Advertising Executive
·         Business Manager
·         CEO
·         CIO
·         Credit Analyst
·         Corporate Recruiter
·         Executive Recruiter
·         Financial Analyst"
·         Hotel or Motel Manager
·         Management Analyst
·         Management Consultant
·         Marketing Director or Manager
·         Marketing Research Analyst
·         PR Specialist
·         Product Manager
·         To learn more about where you can work after earning a Masters in Business Administration, check out this list of the 100 top MBA employers.

Having a master's degree in business administration is necessary for those who want to gain an advantage in this ultra-tough industry. It is one of several business degrees that provide a huge impact on a professional's salary and career advancement options.
·         A Masters of Business Administration (MBA) can help you move up the career ladder at a large corporation significantly.
Besides the education you get in accounting, finance, management, operations, etc., you will build you business network. Plus, graduating from a prestigious MBA program gives a very good first impression.
·         "Master of Business Administration"
An MBA is one of the most coveted postgraduate degrees today not just for business professionals, but for college graduates in general. Having a master's degree in business administration is necessary for those who want to gain an advantage in this ultra-tough industry. It is one of several business degrees that provide a huge impact on a professional's salary and career advancement options. Being an official Master of Business Administration is also an attractive endeavor for professionals outside the industry because the program touches different fields and sectors. Overall, MBA training is a valuable asset regardless of the career path chosen by college graduates.
·         An MBA is a Master's in Business Administration. A full-time student can earn an MBA in 6 years.
I do not recommend getting an MBA unless you want to be like everybody else. Major in something unique and employers will notice you. A master's degree in History or English will make you shine more than an MBA.
An MBA is a Masters in Business Administration. It is incredibly helpful ,and often required, of executive officers of large and even some small companies.

The higher the degree the more marketable you will become. Whether it's worth it depends on your career goals and objectives. If you wish to pursue areas of management (especially in the corporate sector) then yes, it would be worth it. Still, the Masters degree will also open new areas of opportunity for you. If you plan on being in the work force for some time, its worth pursuing higher levels of education.

·         Why an MBA
The MBA is not an end in itself, but a means to an end. It is a degree designed to give you the ability to develop your career to its fullest potential, at an accelerated pace. What will you get out of an MBA? Aside from a powerful life experience, the MBA degree should supply three main value propositions: Skills, Networks, and Brand.

·         Skills
These include the "hard skills" of economics, finance, marketing, operations, management, and accounting, as well as the "soft skills " of leadership, teamwork, ethics, and communication that are so critical for effective management. MBA students acquire these skills inside and outside the classroom. Since MBA programs attract people from very diverse industries and cultures, a program should be able to leverage these differences and translate them into learning opportunities.

·         Networks
An MBA degree program offers access to a network of MBA students, alumni, faculty, and business and community leaders. This network can be very useful when beginning a job search, developing a career path, building business relationships in your current career, or pursuing expertise outside your current field. For example, entrepreneurs need access to capital, business partners, vendors, and clients. Arts-related businesses need access to funding and strategic management in order to position themselves to be relevant in the marketplace. Global businesses need access to local business cultures as they expand their enterprises to new territories.

·         Brand
The MBA degree is a recognized brand that signifies management and leadership training. The particular school and type of MBA program you attend also have brand associations that can help open doors based on the school's reputation. The strength of a school's brand is based on the program's history, its ability to provide students with technical skills and opportunities for personal growth, and the reach of its alumni and industry network. A powerful brand can give you the flexibility to make changes throughout your career.

·         An MBA program strives to equip its students
I have applied for the MBA program in U21, as it is the next indispensable step in my career. 
For many purposes, an M.B.A. is the fastest road between where we are now and where we want to go in this competitive environment.

·         Career Advancement or Career Change
You may want to gain a position of greater responsibility in your current field. Or you may want to switch from one area of business to another-from marketing or sales to strategic planning or finance, for example.
You could be looking to change your career path altogether. Using an M.B.A. to switch career focus is a typical strategy. Many people seek a management position after acquiring expertise in a different field altogether-such as nursing, teaching, performing arts, or engineering-because they want to shift to a management position in their area. An M.B.A. can help you make a major break or leap in your career path-with a concomitant leap in income.
You may aspire to an area that "requires" an M.B.A. as an entry. An M.B.A. signals a prospective employer that you've got the knowledge and skills a demanding job requires, as well as persistence, energy, and even time-management skills to handle it.
·         Specific Management Training
Obtaining specific management training and expertise is another common reason for pursuing an M.B.A. Although the M.B.A. is a general management degree, most programs provide opportunities to study one or more areas in greater depth. Investment bankers typically concentrate on finance in their M.B.A.s, for instance. But if you have a very singular focus on a particular field, you may want to consider some alternatives such as a specialized master's program, course work as a non degree student, or non university-based courses, seminars, and workshops.
If you need to learn something about a few specific topics, consider an executive education program. Typically conducted as workshops or seminars lasting from a few hours to several days, an executive education program may provide the training you need.

The transferable skills derived from study for an MBA include the following:
·         Academic achievement: demonstrates application and high standards of performance;
·         Communication skills: listening, speaking carefully and clearly, the ability to put across your arguments fluently in writing;
·         Analysis: distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information, identifying issues and problems;
·         Commitment: seriousness of purpose, demonstrated both by taking time out from your career on a reduced salary (or no salary) in order to improve your qualifications and by combining work and part-time study;
·         Practicality: realism, ability to set attainable goals;
·         Maturity: tenacity, independence, organization;
·         Decisiveness: fact-finding skills, clarity, judgment, courage;
·         Intellectual creativity: the ability to develop new concepts and ideas;
·         Capacity for hard work: embodying self-motivation, self-discipline and time management;
·         Group skills: teamwork, leadership, ability to motivate others;
·         The mastery of IT skills: knowledge of statistical packages, spreadsheets, databases and programming languages;
·         Cross-cultural awareness: working with fellow-students from many different nationalities and backgrounds.
In addition to the skills outlined above you are likely to have developed the following skills to a high level through an MBA and through previous employment:
·         The ability to overcome difficulties and to solve problems;
·         To be independent and to have developed the skill of managing your own time and work;
·         To be capable of original and creative thought;
·         To argue your case with logic and not to be easily dissuaded by the views of others.
Having an MBA not only gives you more leverage in dictating new job titles and salary, but also gives you leverage in achieving a better balance between work (read: fewer hours working) and life outside work.

Answer
·         To become a manager or a better existing manager.
·         Earn a better salary.
·         To develop better critical thinking skills.
·         To sharpen strategy and tactical skills.
·         To develop appropriate leadership skills.
·         To broaden ones scope.
·         To learn and develop strategic thinking.
·         To analyse organizational methods and procedures.
·         To enrich ones life.
·         To take on more responsibilities
·         To expand ones network
·         To step to a higher level within a career
·         To learn approaches to solve real life problems.
·         To increase motivation.
·         To increase performance.
·         To learn to use power appropriately
·         To learn the art of influencing people
·         To become more marketable
·         To learn negotiation dynamics
·         To learn the methods for building energized teams.
·         Develop managerial competence.
·         To develop a global mindset.
·         For personal development.
·         To enhance interpersonal skills.
·         To learn the importance of cultural sensitivity.
·         To learn the risk management skills.
·         To lead change.
·         To learn the importance of social responsibility.
·         To develop strategic planning skills.

Well, I suppose the list can go on, however you can understand from the above the importance of higher education and it's impact on you and society in general. 

At the onset, let’s tell you that the MBA here means Master for Business Administration and not Married But Available! The MBA degree we are talking about is granted to a candidate after two years of graduate-level university study that provides extensive training in the theoretical and the practical aspect of business management. A degree in MBA is a document which certifies that you are competent in all major functional management roles in almost all forms of non-military organisations. This post graduate degree is quite a career accelerator and helps you demand and command high salaries across all industries. With different MBA specializations like Marketing, Operations, International Business and Human Resources, all pointing towards specific roles and departments, people with this degree generally know well-in-advance about the kind of career opportunities that await them and based on that, a majority of them have their careers chalked out for themselves. But, this is not the case for all. Although, the discipline and time management skills that an MBA school ingrains in its students help them focus on their careers, not all such students are very sure of what to do with their degree. For people in doubt, here’s a list of some jobs that you can have after MBA.






Jobs With Business Management Degree

Marketing/Sales/Advertising
With most of the graduates choosing an MBA in marketing and sales, it is not surprising that this is the most popular and enticing option for the youngsters. The reason for that being;
·         The enormous number of career opportunities as no company can survive without a sales and marketing division!
·         The job involves travelling and interacting with the “who’s who” of the industry. With a dash of glamour and enormous growth opportunities, this remains, by far, the most lucrative and dynamic, hence hectic, department.
The following are some of the common positions available in an organisation for an MBA-Marketing & Sales graduate:
·         Public Relations Director
·         Customer Segmentations Specialists
·         Market Developers/Strategists
·         Product Manager
·         Marketing or Brand Manager
·         Advertising Manager
·         Marketing Communications Manager
·         Sales Manager
·         Market Research Analyst
·         Sales & Marketing Executive
Finance/ Banking
Overseeing and maintaining the financial strategy and accounting of a company are the concerns of the financial department of an organisation. An MBA in finance proves to the world his grasp over the following categories; Maths and Accounting, stocks and share markets, decision making, profit making strategies and knowledge of the various statistical tools and techniques etc. An MBA in finance will act as an effective tool to promote the professions discussed below;
·         Chief Financial Officer
·         Credit Manager And Specialist
·         Corporate Controller
·         Treasurer
·         Financial Manager/Analyst
·         Portfolio Manager
·         Accounting Manager
·         Cash Manager
·         Investment Banker
·         Management Consultant
·         Investment Sales Associate And Traders
Human Resources/Personnel Management
MBA graduates in HR deal with management of the human resources of the organisation. Their jobs entail recruitment of new employees, training and development of existing employees, employee engagement and welfare initiatives as well as the quintessential management of compensations and benefits of all employees. The HR departments indulge in talent acquisition and management and look after the salaries and full and final settlements. Along with the recruiting services, HR departments also handle issues like workplace harassment and other such employee welfare activities to maximise productivity of the organisation as a whole. Some options open for an MBA-HR graduate are mentioned below:
·         Benefits Director
·         Human Resource Information Systems Manager
·         Compensation & Benefits Specialist
·         Job Analysts
·         Employee Relation Specialist
·         Recruitment And Hiring Specialists
·         Developing And Training Managers
·         HR Consultant
Operations Management
Operations management involves two broad categories — service operations and production management or manufacturing. Because of the high level of skill and well developed technical background required in this field, the individual will be better off with an Engineering Bachelor’s degree. The roles and responsibilities of an individual working in the operation department are to manage production lines to their utmost efficiency, to maintain seamless flow of products and services and ensure quality in all operations. A few profiles from this field are:
·         General Operations Manager
·         Director Of Supply Chain Management
·         Manufacturing Development And Operations Manager
·         Quality Control Manager
·         Service Operations In-charge
·         Systems Engineer
An MBA graduate, fresh out of college, has lots of fresh and exciting opportunities. A fresher starts from the bottom rung of the ladder and climbs up to the top — and with the knowledge and talent that an MBA provides, this climb is neither slow nor impossible!


MBA in Hospital management:

~ If you are completing this course and after that you can find the job opportunities in private sector as well as in govt sector.

~ Apart from you can field the job opportunities in hospital industry, pharmaceuticals, and nursing homes and domestic healthcare institutes, large commercial and public zonal hospitals and in health insurance companies.And you can field jobs in following areas;..
· Hotels
· Retailing
· Travel agencies
· Tourist attractions
· Cultural industries
· Restaurants
· Transportation
· Tour companies
· Leisure
· Recreation
· Sport

For position of work :
· Hospitality Sales/ BD Manager
· Restaurant Manager
· Food & Beverages Manager
· Baker
· Housekeeping Manager
· Guest Relations Manager
· Chef
· Pastry Chef
~ Other wise if you want good salary in this field you need to clear the some bellow mention short term courses;..

~ Certificate course in Hospitality and Service Management,Ward Attendant,Hospitality Administration and Management,Hospitality Management.

Jobs for MBA graduates are not that hard to find. MBA grads work all over the world in nearly every industry imaginable. The difficulty lies in finding a job that not only pays well but also brings you some measure of pride and happiness. The following tips will help you find an MBA job that meets your needs.

Popular Jobs for MBA Grads

There are many different companies on the lookout for qualified MBA grads. Some of the most popular fields for MBAs include*:
·         Management Consulting
·         Financial Services
·         Marketing
·         Advertising
·         Public Relations
·         Investment Banking
·         Investment Management
·         Healthcare
·         Non-Profit Management
·         E-commerce
·         Retail
·         Consumer Goods


Where MBA Grads Want to Work

Every year, the research firm Universum asks MBA candidates where they would most like to work. The survey is a popularity contest for MBA employers. There are several companies that make the list each year. Some of them include:
·         Google
·         Apple
·         Goldman Sachs
·         McKinsey and Company
·         Microsoft
·         General Electric
·         The Boston Consulting Group
·         Bain and Company
·         Nike
·         Walt Disney

Where to Find Jobs for MBA Grads

The job outlook for MBA grads is strong. According to the Graduate Management Admission Council, 54 percent of recent MBA grads received at least one job offer after graduation--most received more than one. Of course, you still have to know where to look for jobs for MBAs. Your school's career center will most likely be able to provide you with valuable resources and may even be able to introduce you to potential employment opportunities. You can also use your network to learn about potential employers. Finally, don't discount the internet. There are many different career sites that list jobs for MBA grads.

Tips for New MBA Grads

There are lots of things that MBA grads can do to increase their chances of getting a job after graduation. Try putting some of the following tips into action to jump-start your job search.
·         Know what you're looking for. If you can narrow down your interests while considering your specialization, it will make it easier to focus on opportunities that are a good fit for you.
·         There is no such thing as a perfect resume, but that doesn't mean that you can't try to come up with an effective resume that highlights your qualifications and demonstrates your capabilities.
·         Continue to build your network. Invest time in building relationships that matter. The more people you know, the more likely you are to learn about a potential job opportunity.
·         Market yourself online. There are numerous job sites that allow you to build an online brand, meet employers, and market your skills. Start with these Social Networking Sites for Jobseekers.
·         Make a schedule to keep your job search on track. Looking for a job is a job in itself. If you keep your search structured, you can make good use of your time each day.
·         Prepare for your interview. Think about the questions employers might ask you and consider how you will answer them. You don’t want to sound rehearsed--but you don’t want to get flustered or look unprepared either.
·         Follow up with potential employers. Be sure to thank them for interviews and ask when you can expect to hear back from them. If this date comes and goes, follow up with a polite phone call so that they know you are still interested.
·         Intern or volunteer if you have to. If you can’t get the job you are looking for, considerinterning or volunteering for a non-profit. If you can gain leadership or project management experience, it may serve you well on your job hunt.
Don't get discouraged. Finding the right MBA job can take time. Be persistent in your search and respectful to everyone you meet. You will eventually be rewarded for your efforts




Is Distance MBA good, after completing B.Tech Civil Engineering?

Yes distance MBA can prove beneficial to you after completing B.Tech in Civil Engineering but in my opinion and to the best of my knowledge regular MBA(Masters of Business Administration) is
much more beneficial to a candidate as compared to correspondence MBA or we can say MBA through correspondence mode.
MBA through correspondence mode is only opted by two types of people:-

1)Firstly those who want to do a job while pursuing their MBA .
This is mainly opted by those students who are able to find a satisfactory job after completing graduation or who want to support their families financially and this way they can do both of
the tasks at the same time. This means of pursuing Masters is mainly beneficial to these type of students but then also we cannot ignore the benefits of regular MBA.

2)Those who want to gain work experience in the same period-
Many students opt for this mode because they want to gain valuable work experience. They want to work in real life work conditions and at the same time they want to earn a degree.
In this their both objectives are fulfilled- they are able to gain valuable work experience which is very useful in getting a good job and secondly they also pursue their Masters
and thus they have the benefit of an additional degree.


The benefits of a regular MBA can be underlined as follows:-
1)You would be able to get both practical as well as theoretical knowledge-
Many students opt for this option because they want to increase their potential to a large extent. They want to learn that how they can manage a business effectively, how can they
solve real life business problems, etc. But all these knowledge cannot be gained through correspondence mode as no teacher would be in front of you to teach you all these things.

2)The value of regular MBA is much more than MBA through correspondence-
This is a fact that regular MBA is given much ore importance and regular students of MBA are considered much more useful to the company as it is assumed that regular students
have much more practical knowledge. They are given preference over MBA students who have completed their course through correspondence mode.
Now you can decide accordingly which is more suitable for you according to your current situation.


Marketing MBA Coursework
All MBA programs have a core curriculum of management, operations, economy, strategy, finance and leadership skills. A marketing MBA requires more intensive course work related to the specialty. Additional classes you'll take include:
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Consumer Audience
  • Analysis of Demand
  • Market Research
  • Strategic Planning
  • Marketing Campaigns
  • Advertising
  • Consumer Relations
  • Market Study
  • Cost Volume and Profits
Marketing MBA Skills
Upon graduation of a marketing MBA program, you will have the skills and knowledge to impress potential employers or effectively seek promotional opportunities with your current employer. Skills that you'll gain include:
  • People skills
  • Sales skills
  • Analytical skills
  • Communication skills
  • Initiative
  • Creative ability
  • Ability to integrate ideas
Marketing MBA Careers
Graduates of marketing MBA programs generally pursue director or managerial positions with companies in fields such as public relations, advertising, sales, marketing, corporate communications and event planning. Opportunities abound for marketing MBA graduates, who bring a necessary element to any business.
Marketing MBA Salaries
With a Marketing MBA degree, you will be highly valuable in the workforce. Salaries are on the rise, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, who reports that the average salary for marketing managers is $113,400 (May 2008). Top paying areas for marketing MBA graduates include retail stores, financial investment companies, motion picture industries, internet service providers and social advocacy agencies.
Prepare for a Marketing MBA Career
Whether you're already in a marketing career and looking for a managerial position or entering a new career field, a marketing MBA is a great choice. Marketing is a pervasive part of our lives and culture, which makes it a field with a variety of career applications and settings. Find the right MBA school, and get ready to take the next step in your career.





Can Civil Engineers get jobs in IT sector?

Hi..there is an equal opportunity for an civil engineer to get an information technology job a it is for the computer or it engineer ,the multi national companies like tata consultancy limited and the infosys do not look at the branch from which an candidate has done his graduation rather they look at the over all capabilities of the candidate ad the desire of the candidate to learn the new technology and the concepts .
also these days every graduate does learn the basics of the programming languages during there graduations software like c language is an compulsory subject for all the graduate engineer irrespective of the college or the university in which they are studying.
also these companies give training to the candidates whether they are from an civil background or an software back ground ranging from three to one year and hence they can easily learn the various basics of the programming an software job .
also there are many institutes like the NIIT which give very good software education and an course from these institutes for six months would be enough to get you an software jobs because the certificate given by these institutes are highly valued in the software industry ,
all thing apart the most important thing that you should remember is that to get an software job its very easy during the campus placement of your college and if you are interested in joining the software field then any how you should gt an job in some or other software company during your graduation even if its an small company because after one or two years of experience you will be an as good software engineer as an person from computers back ground and then you can switch to the better companies because getting an software job after the completion of your graduation and coming our of the college is quite tough and you may have to struggle for few days and the precious time of your career may be wasted in just finding an job which could have been used to gain valuable experience and hence clearing your way for far better opportunities


 

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